Both sides present arguments that call for changes to federal drug policy. The pro-drug side says that the recreational use of drugs should be allowed and the law should change to legalize it. The anti-drug side says that the use of drugs should continue to be illegal and more should be done to control drug use.
Conventional drugs such as opium, heroin, methamphetamine ice , morphine, marijuana, cocaine can all classify as narcotic drugs and psychotropic drugs. Drug has been a severe problem for decades. The U. S government attaches great importance to this issue.
However, there are just an increasing number of people calling for legalizing drugs. Some drugs are though to have positive medical use, but that's a though to be untrue considering the contradicting facts. How could drugs that are so addicitve be in any way helpful, specially in a medical manner. Every part of the world that has tried it only brought corruption to their country and made addiction rates even worse.
What are the plausible reasons for this adamant need of drug prohibition? Let us look into the other side of the picture. I shall first discuss the probable cause of this intensive problem of drug prohibition and drug legalization issue.
In the next section, I will try and relate it to the modern world scenario. Deconstructing the origins- A self-speculated theory. Based on the midterms, momentum for this change has been shown in different parts of the U. The impact on tougher drug sanctions has been overshadowed by a myth that U. After all, we have drug laws in place because they have the potential to be harmful. It also may not be difficult to imagine that it could very well be subject to failure due to a numerous amount negative externalities that may occur.
Our nation has been engaged in a war on drugs for several decades now. The debate about legalization of drugs marijuana is a controversial and divisive issue that has been around for a long time. Even though there are those who fight for its legalization, there are also those who vehemently wage war against it. The debate over the legalization of drugs continues to disturb the American public. Such an issue stirs up moral and religious beliefs, beliefs that are contrary to what Americans should believe.
I ask all of you to please keep an open mind and hear me out on this very controversial subject. The first of its kind was the legislation that passed in San Francisco in This newly passed legislation banned the smoking of opium.
However, this legislation seemed to be racially motivated. What are drugs? Why is it illicit to use drugs? First of all, what do drugs exactly mean to people? There are four possible connections between drugs and crime, at least three of which would be much diminished if the drug-prohibition laws were repealed. Washington and Colorado are the two recent states that have legalized the use of marijuana for recreational uses.
In contrast, others in federal positions believe the use of marijuana has no beneficial use to it which creates a struggle into its legalization. Drugs can be harmful but very resourceful. It is used to relieve minor or major pains but could also send thousands to emergency rooms.
Throughout this paper, you will learn about the brief history of the prohibition of drugs and how it led to the ratification of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution. Hard and Soft drugs are terms to distinguish between psychoactive drugs that are addictive and perceived as especially damaging and drugs that are believed to be non-addictive or minimally addictive and with less dangers associated with its use.
The term "soft drug" implies that the drug causes no or insignificant harm one such drug is cannabis marijuana. Cannabis is a psychotic drug.
Since the dawn of time, it has been the natural instinct of man to find alternative methods to enhance his being. The many means by which man has turned to include sex, gambling, and the consumption of substances beyond the requirements of nutrition. The consumption of substances can be further broken down into legal and illegal substances.
The problem has gotten so out of hand that many people are even considering legalization of one of the most used drugs, marijuana. The legalization of marijuana is a controversial issue that has been fought for and against for several decades.
Marijuana is defined as a preparation made from the dried flower clusters and leaves of the cannabis plant, which is usually smoked or eaten to induce euphoria and to heal and soothe.
Drugs are resources that are capable of affecting theAmerican economy in many ways--both positively and negatively. Drugs often have a bad name even though they help us everyday in medical cases. For the most part though, I think that they should be legalized because people already do them anyways and will continue to do them. If they were legal then the government could regulate their usage and sale then the government was receiving the profits rather that the drug dealers.
I 've had problems with the police. This may be a true statement, however such legalization is yet to be proven, and can cause some severe consequences, which outweigh the possible benefits.
Such consequences include an increase in uncontrolled use and thus increases in overdosing and intravenous I. Probably too many times to count. Indeed, it is an expression so thoroughly imbedded in the media lexicon that it qualifies as a kind of unintentional propaganda. Like all successful propaganda, "drug-related" has become so hackneyed that no one bothers to examine its fundamental truthfulness. And, also like successful propaganda, the phrase is rarely a complete falsehood but at the same time is rarely completely truthful.
Millions of dollars are spent annually in the War on Drugs causing many to wonder if this fight is cost-effective or if an alternative such as legalization would be more realistic than current efforts in drug prevention. Politicians make dramatic speeches advocating tougher drug laws to when there to when seats. But what has this war really accomplished? And the Federal Government could reap billions in tax revenue that could be applied to drug rehabilitation and education programs.
Trying to Envision A Different World Scholars agree that it is almost impossible to envision accurately how the world would look if most controlled substances were legalized. Certainly, the effects of legalization of each drug would be vastly different. The legalization of marijuana, for example, would probably be fraught with far less dangers than the legalization of cocaine, which, unlike marijuana, has been shown to cause frequent violent behavior in the most heavy users.
And the results would depend greatly on how drugs were distributed, taxed and regulated. But many scholars argue that other costs to society would rise if drugs were legalized. To undercut the black market, a government or business selling the drugs would have to lower prices substantially, they say.
Cheaper drugs that are safely accessible would probably mean wider use. The damage, particularly in the case of cocaine, they argue, could be extraordinarily high. One key question, then, is how much does society pay because drugs are illegal and how much does society pay because drugs themselves are harmful? A study conducted by the Research Triangle Institute in North Carolina found that damage caused by heavy drug use itself may be extremely high.
Alcohol, by contrast, is legal and used by a far greater number of people. Most of the rest came from impaired productivity, motor vehicle crashes, premature deaths and diseases such as cancer and cirrhosis of the liver.
Federal studies have estimated that about 18 million people use marijuana at least once a month, 5. The Government estimates there are , regular heroin users in the nation. Peril in the Streets Early in the Century Another indication that drug abuse, rather than drug prohibition, is the greater threat to society comes from anecdotal reports compiled before , when the Harrison Narcotic Act made heroin and cocaine illegal, according to Dr.
Musto of Yale University. Writing on the problem of cocaine and crime in Washington in , Dr. Lyman F. Kebler, the chief of the division of drugs of the Department of Agriculture, said: ''Cocaine in some cases transforms safe and otherwise tractable citizens into dangerous characters, and in most instances, wrecks the individual and all dependent on him as well as jeopardizes the lives of many.
Society, they say, paid a heavy but hidden price in health costs for legalizing the sale of alcohol in Modern studies indicate that hospitalizations for alcohol-related diseases plummeted in the early 's - in , for example, New York State mental hosptials reported the virtual disappearance of cases of alcohol psychoses. They returned with the end of Prohibition. Kleiman, who teaches at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. In the 's and early 's, there was much debate over the merits of allowing heroin to be dispensed by physicians to registered addicts.
In Britain, through , private physicians were allowed to prescribe heroin to keep addicts on maintenance doses and attempt to wean them off of the drugs.
Starting in , the Government attempted to shift the maintenance programs to 40 clinics around the country. The black market use of heroin exploded through the late 's and 's, and doctors began to turn away from prescribing heroin for addicts.
Despite what many consider a failure of the British heroin program, some advocates today say a similar strategy might be useful in containing the spread of AIDS by intravenous drug users.
Cocaine Spawns Danger On a Different Level But cocaine presents a far more troubling set of problems to proponents of legalization. Cocaine addicts tend to use the use the drug in binges, and as their use increases, their desire for more grows exponentially, said Dr.
Frank H. Gawin, director of stimulant abuse, treatment and research at Yale University. Laboratory experiments show that, given unlimited access to the drug, animals will continue taking ever greater amounts until they die. Therefore, Dr. Gawin said, it would difficult to image how doctors could administer limited, maintenance doses of the drug.
More likely it would have to be sold commercially at a lower cost than criminal drug traffickers now offer. The expense and danger of buying illegal cocaine have probably limited the amount of cocaine most people use, Dr.
How could drugs that are so addicitve be in any way helpful, specially in a medical manner. In the 's and early 's, there was much debate over the merits of allowing heroin to be dispensed by physicians to registered addicts. Being fought against our own citizens and citizens abroad, an international effort to eradicate drug production and use has undoubtedly failed leaving in its wake social unrest and political chaos.
With the failures of drugs prohibition increasingly evident, recent years have seen the first tentative calls for change at a high level. Drugs should be legalized to save money, to make them safer, and to reduce drug-related crime. His argument featured the now notorious claim that statistically, taking ecstasy is no more harmful than horse riding. Gawin, director of stimulant abuse, treatment and research at Yale University. Meanwhile, evidence from several countries has shown the dangers of attempting to tackle by force the gangs who control the market. Our societies have succumbed to the modern holy war on drugs.
Some drugs are though to have positive medical use, but that's a though to be untrue considering the contradicting facts. This is not harmful to anyone else, and should not be a criminal act. There are almost no scholarly data that can be used as an accurate indicator of what would happen to society if cocaine and heroin were legalized.
Lester Grinspoon, an associate professor of psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School. Since the dawn of time, it has been the natural instinct of man to find alternative methods to enhance his being.
Marijuana is a mind-altering drug depending on the level of the THC determines your side effects. A Prohibition law strikes a blow at the very principles upon which our government was founded. The benefits of criminalization of marijuana are nonexistent. Why legalize marijuana for recreational use. There is a lot more to marijuana than just smoking it.