Luther writes that the pope would not claim the authority to alleviate punishment being carried out in purgatory. Several people pass by the injured man without stopping to help. The other 93 theses, a number of them directly criticizing the practice of indulgences, supported these first two. Therefore the treasures of the gospel are nets with which one formerly fished for men of wealth. Around this time, he began using the name "Luther" and sometimes "Eleutherius", Greek for "free", rather than "Luder". He considered the incident a sign from God and vowed to become a monk if he survived the storm.
Luther was concerned about how profit motivated indulgence sellers, who marketed indulgences enthusiastically. He points out that bishops have been commanded to offer reverence to indulgence preachers who enter their jurisdiction, but bishops are also charged with protecting their people from preachers who preach contrary to the pope's intention.
Theses 81— Damage to the Church's Reputation There was considerable backlash to the indulgences sold to fund Saint Peter's Basilica. Instead, he entered an Augustinian monastery. But blessed be he who is on his guard against the preacher's of pardons naughty and impudent words. It is certainly the pope's sentiment that if indulgences, which are a very insignificant thing, are celebrated with one bell, one procession, and one ceremony, then the gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. Purgatory and Punishment for Sins Roman Catholics understand purgatory as the midway point between life on earth and eternal life in heaven.
Because love grows by works of love, man thereby becomes better. Luther begins by quoting the Book of Matthew, in which Jesus calls for people to repent of their sins. The concept of sola scriptura—"by scripture alone"—common to all of the major Protestant denominations, draws its origins from Luther's reliance on biblical text. Lawrence called the poor of the community the treasures of the community and of the Church, but he understood the word according to the use in his time.
Since writing a set of theses for a disputation does not necessarily commit the author to those views, Luther could deny that he held the most incendiary ideas in the Theses. Growth of the Use of Indulgences Various medieval popes proposed the purchase of an indulgence as a way to fulfill punishment and reduce the time people would spend suffering in purgatory for their accumulated worldly sins.
In his text Luther argues that attaching a monetary value to the forgiveness of sin encourages greed, fraud, and corruption.
The Pope had the power to limit or do away with penances imposed by the clergy, but he did not have the power to bring about the interior contrition that leads to salvation. In Thesis 94 he urges the Roman Catholic Church to stress the importance of devotion to Jesus and of doing penance. To solve the issue, Albert went to his Dominican priest, Johann Tetzel, for assistance. But let him who guards against the lust and license of the indulgence preachers be blessed. Seldom even as he who has sincere repentance, is he who really gains indulgence; that is to say, most seldom to be found.
Theses 8— Limits of the Church's Power to Reduce Punishment for Sin Luther argues that church-imposed penalties for sin can only apply to life on Earth, since the afterlife —hell, purgatory, and heaven—is God's jurisdiction. Luther encourages people to be on guard against the false promises and aggressive marketing of indulgence sellers. Christians should be taught that he who gives to the poor is better than he who receives a pardon. He was simply questioning the indulgences. Theses 1—4: The Nature of Repentance The first four theses focus on the meaning of repentance and achieving forgiveness for sin.
Peter's Minster: - this being the very slightest of motives? True repentance desires God's punishment of sin, but indulgences teach one to avoid punishment, since that is the purpose of purchasing the indulgence. He must be consumed with horror. If, therefore, indulgences were preached according to the spirit and intention of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved. He commissioned many of the attractions that astound modern-day visitors to Rome. Purgatory and Punishment for Sins Roman Catholics understand purgatory as the midway point between life on earth and eternal life in heaven.