The theory of cultural moral relativism is based on the beliefs that it is arrogant to judge the moral codes of other cultures and that people should be tolerant towards the practices of other cultures Rachels By holding these beliefs, the theory implies that all cultures are equal and should be treated as such.
Cultural moral relativism is also based on the idea that there is no universal truth in ethics Rachels Philosophers attempt to prove their theories to be true, but it can be complicated because if someone proves one premise false of your argument then the entire argument is invalid. There are different types of relativisms that favor moral relativism, such as, personal belief relativism, societal belief relativism, and then there is the cultural beliefs argument.
Cultural relativism is the idea that moral rights and wrongs change based on the culture that you are immersed in. In other words, what is considered to be morally right in one culture may be considered to be morally wrong in another culture. The challenge is devising a method which can be a universal standard.
His opinions can be respected because he gives both positives and negatives to this idea, as well as supports his claims with a variety of examples. When the two theories combine, they compose a complete theory that some anthropologists and philosophers apply to cultures to describe rituals and actions that differentiate among them.
By comparing the views of Benedict and Rachels, I think that Benedict is more correct about how a difference in cultures arises. Although Rachels does not subscribe to the theory of cultural relativism, he thinks that all cultures have some values in correspondence - that there is less disagreement among cultures than it seems Rachels, However, Benedict disagrees and has the opposing viewpoint that the morals and ethics of cultures are, in fact, relative. Rather than having a stringent set of universal rules that govern the morality of different cultures, Benedict objects Rachels and argues that many cultures are at extreme ends of the spectrum when it comes to concrete areas of culture and lifestyle.
Certain aspects of cultures cannot be unified under one universal moral code that governs the entire human race. Both Rachels and Benedict support their arguments with many examples, and each would appear to be correct.
However, when fusing the two authors' works, it is apparent that each theory has its own imperfections.No straight forward answer should ultimately clinch it for me. Rachels says we cannot say there is no objective truth for the only reason that people disagree with it. Some would say that passive euthanasia is the morally right thing to do, but others see it as unnecessary pain and suffering for the patient. In this short paper, I will argue that moral objectivism is a more satisfactory moral theory than ethical relativism. There are different types of relativisms that favor moral relativism, such as, personal belief relativism, societal belief relativism, and then there is the cultural beliefs argument. Cultural moral relativism is also based on the idea that there is no universal truth in ethics Rachels While reading his article the mural gets a wider picture of what cultural relativist torture as Imperial college phd thesis search umi as where the flaws lie in this. Granting, it is the various challenges and how you her them that make each challenge a special essay in your reflective. Rachels says we cannot say there is no minimum truth for the only reason that travelling disagree with it. He uses the synonyms of Smith and Jones to argue against those that challenge active euthanasia, the act threatened someone, is morally good than passive euthanasia, the act of rachel some one die Timmons,p.
Rachels misses the point when it comes to what morality denotes universally across cultures. There are no objective moral principles i. Rachels argument is on the difference between active and passive euthanasia and if that is really a distinction that needs to be made. In the Readers Digest Guide to the Bible it says, "When God issues a call it conveys a divine command to human beings".
This is the idea of Cultural Relativism: the principle that an individual human 's beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual 's own culture. Relating to our discussion in class, when I terminally extubated a patient due to her religious practices which inhibited her from receiving blood products; ironically, that being the only thing that could have saved her in the end Culture relativism conclusion is something cannot be right or wrong because it varies from culture to culture.
However, it is the various challenges and how you overcome them that make each challenge a special part in your life. Among the four types of euthanasia, voluntary active euthanasia or VAE is the most controversial ethical issue in the United States.