Channel NewsAsia approached several providers anonymously to commission a sociology term paper for university-level submission. Correspondence over Carousell with the essay service provider Channel NewsAsia commissioned. Confidentiality was assured regardless of the provider approached. Another — the one eventually hired — was said to have been written by a student currently studying in Yale-NUS.
It was a remarkably hassle-free transaction. After emailing the provider the essay question and deadline, we were told that we would be sent a screenshot of the essay once it was completed. The provider did not ask for any lecture notes or additional materials. Nonetheless, we sent them an assigned class reading and brief lecture notes.
The essay was completed within two days — a day before the scheduled deadline. Once payment was made, the provider emailed a link to the full essay on Google Docs. The note-typing could take many weeks, but it collected everything in one legible place, and it ran all the raw material in some concentration through the mind. The notes from one to the next frequently had little in common. They jumped from topic to topic, and only in places were sequentially narrative.
So I always rolled the platen and left blank space after each item to accommodate the scissors that were fundamental to my advanced methodology. After reading and rereading the typed notes and then developing the structure and then coding the notes accordingly in the margins and then photocopying the whole of it, I would go at the copied set with the scissors, cutting each sheet into slivers of varying size.
If the structure had, say, thirty parts, the slivers would end up in thirty piles that would be put into thirty manila folders. One after another, in the course of writing, I would spill out the sets of slivers, arrange them ladderlike on a card table, and refer to them as I manipulated the Underwood.
If this sounds mechanical, its effect was absolutely the reverse. If the contents of the seventh folder were before me, the contents of twenty-nine other folders were out of sight.
Every organizational aspect was behind me. The procedure eliminated nearly all distraction and concentrated only the material I had to deal with in a given day or week. It painted me into a corner, yes, but in doing so it freed me to write. Cumbersome aspects there may have been, but the scissors, the slivers, the manila folders, the three-by-five cards, and the Underwood 5 were my principal tools until , a year in which I was writing about a schoolteacher in Wyoming and quoting frequently from a journal she began in Into several late drafts of that piece, I laboriously typed and retyped those journal entries—another adventure in tedium.
Preston put me in touch with Howard J. For a couple of decades, his contribution to my use of the computer in teaching, researching, and writing would be so extensive that—as I once wrote—if he were ever to leave Princeton I would pack up and follow him, even to Australia. I have never used a word processor. Kedit did not paginate, italicize, approve of spelling, or screw around with headers, WYSIWYGs, thesauruses, dictionaries, footnotes, or Sanskrit fonts. Instead, Howard wrote programs to run with Kedit in imitation of the way I had gone about things for two and a half decades.
He wrote Structur. He wrote Alpha. He wrote mini-macros galore. In one form or another, some of these things have come along since, but this was and the future stopped there. Howard, who died in , was the polar opposite of Bill Gates—in outlook as well as income. Howard thought the computer should be adapted to the individual and not the other way around.
One size fits one. The programs he wrote for me were molded like clay to my requirements—an appealing approach to anything called an editor. Structur exploded my notes. It read the codes by which each note was given a destination or destinations including the dustbin.
It created and named as many new Kedit files as there were codes, and, of course, it preserved intact the original set. In my first I. My first computer cost five thousand dollars. I called it a five-thousand-dollar pair of scissors. I wrote my way sequentially from Kedit file to Kedit file from the beginning to the end of the piece. Some of those files created by Structur could be quite long.
So each one in turn needed sorting on its own, and sometimes fell into largish parts that needed even more sorting. In such phases, Structur would have been counterproductive. It would have multiplied the number of named files, choked the directory, and sent the writer back to the picnic table, and perhaps under it. So Howard wrote Alpha. Alpha implodes the notes it works on. It reads codes and then churns a file internally, organizing it in segments in the order in which they are meant to contribute to the writing.
Alpha is the principal, workhorse program I run with Kedit. Used again and again on an ever-concentrating quantity of notes, it works like nesting utensils. It sorts the whole business at the outset, and then, as I go along, it sorts chapter material and subchapter material, and it not infrequently arranges the components of a single paragraph.
It has completely served many pieces on its own. When I run it now, the action is instantaneous in a way that I—born in —find breathtaking. One line is Of those which show up more than once, All expunges all. When Keditw came along—Kedit for Windows—Howard rewrote everything, and the task was not a short one. Sales have gradually slowed down over the years, and it now makes sense to gradually wind down. I replied on the same day, asking the company how much time—after half a million words in twenty-three years—I could hope to continue using Kedit.
In the back-and-forth that followed, there was much useful information, and this concluding remark: If you run into any problems with KEDIT or with those macros in the future, let me know.
In this Xanadu of basketball, I found Kearney and his wife, Sara, close to the campus in a totally kempt small red house previously occupied by a UConn basketball coach. From my perspective, they looked young enough and trim enough to be shooting hoops themselves, and that to me was especially reassuring.
He was wearing running shoes, a Metropolitan Museum T-shirt. He had an alert look and manner; short, graying dark hair; a clear gaze, no hint of guile—an appealing, trusting guy. Before long, Sara went off to an appointment, leaving us at the dining table with our laptops open like steamed clams. I was awestruck to learn that he had bought his first personal computer only two years before I had, and I was bemused to contemplate the utterly disparate vectors that had carried us to the point of sale—me out of a dark cave of pure ignorance and Kearney off a mainframe computer.
He grew up in New Haven and in nearby Madison, he told me, and at UConn majored in math, but he developed an even greater interest in computer science. In those pre-P. Even though the essays were written over several decades there is a constant theme throughout the work—the activist scholar.
Zinn feels that scholars should not be passive citizens concerned with their research alone, but active citizens that use their research to change society. Zinn, unlike other historians, is not afraid to place what he views as right and wrong into his scholarly work The book revolves around the views of history from the oppressed point of view.
Howard Zinn makes it clear from the beginning that he will value the views and experiences of the oppressed over the view of the oppressor Zinn begins his description of the Constitution with quotes from Michener, Litwack, and Marshall.
However, the views of Michener differ from the views of the other two. Michener really praises the document, saying that it is a flawless price of our history and that their is nothing that could have been changed to make it any better.
The views of Marshall are that the constitution was a pretty good document, but there were a lot of people that suffered because of it and not everybody is going to excessively worship itOn tablets in Babylonia, most pieces were written that way, and nearly all pieces are written that way now. What order? Am I reading too brightly? Originality, they say, is guaranteed.
On tablets in Babylonia, most pieces were written that way, and nearly all pieces are written that way now. In those pre-P. He wrote mini-macros galore.
About my culture essay worldview an essay about city newspaper reading essay on world trade center used essay about creative writing critical analysis, essay about youtube language in tamil writing about nature essay pte tips. Alpha is the principal, workhorse program I run with Kedit. But we wrote three pieces a week most weeks for three years. Hoving had been, to put it mildly, an unpromising youth.
The views of Marshall are that the constitution was a pretty good document, but there were a lot of people that suffered because of it and not everybody is going to excessively worship it The notes from one to the next frequently had little in common. On the near right was an enormous hole, fifteen feet deep and many yards wide, into which poured a scaled-down Canadian Niagara—tons upon tons of water per second. Mike is one of them. We were now forty feet out. I had assembled enough material to fill a silo, and now I had no idea what to do with it.
On tablets in Babylonia, most pieces were written that way, and nearly all pieces are written that way now. An essential part of my office furniture in those years was a standard sheet of plywood—thirty-two square feet—on two sawhorses. I have never used a word processor.
After emailing the provider the essay question and deadline, we were told that we would be sent a screenshot of the essay once it was completed. By , he still did not own a personal computer and could not afford a five-thousand-dollar pair of anything. He wrote Structur. Formal punctuation — do not use exclamation marks, parentheses and contractions.
He was wearing running shoes, a Metropolitan Museum T-shirt. After reading and rereading the typed notes and then developing the structure and then coding the notes accordingly in the margins and then photocopying the whole of it, I would go at the copied set with the scissors, cutting each sheet into slivers of varying size.
In the juxtaposition of those two cards lay what made this phase of the writing process the most interesting to me, the most absorbing and exciting. His life jacket got tangled in a boat line and he drowned. Band 6 essay sample tests essay topic natural disaster describe essay about russia food pyramid essay about lawyer advertisements about garden essay friendships about philippines essay on mandela letter to me essay ultima essay about christmas poverty in india essay the best teachers urdu poetry sample who am i essay drowning.
By , he still did not own a personal computer and could not afford a five-thousand-dollar pair of anything. Kevin Kearney was so interested in Xedit that he bought forty manuals out of his own pocket and offered them to students and faculty. Am I reading too brightly? In those pre-P. Essays about school curriculum concert essay my good parents tongue tamil essay about russia food pyramid about health essay x ray centre how to essay examples literary journey writing essay leadership essay about usa learning in school? It also deals with the emotions that this black boy faces because he has been treated unfairly by the white people.
He wrote Alpha. Spelling and capitalization — check if all the words are written correctly. Essays about school curriculum concert essay my good parents tongue tamil essay about russia food pyramid about health essay x ray centre how to essay examples literary journey writing essay leadership essay about usa learning in school? Once payment was made, the provider emailed a link to the full essay on Google Docs.
Not every single week. After reading and rereading the typed notes and then developing the structure and then coding the notes accordingly in the margins and then photocopying the whole of it, I would go at the copied set with the scissors, cutting each sheet into slivers of varying size. Think about what we covered in the section on Critical writing and ask yourself if the essays fit with this How do they use evidence to support their argument?.
I would be shocked to see this submitted by someone who wants to pass. At one point, Hoving studied the use of scientific instruments that help detect forgery. New York: Vintage Books