However, in the plant produced just 58, cars, and it produced far less in , chiefly for the domestic market. Before independence, imports were mainly equipment, consumer goods, and foods.
Since independence, Uzbekistan has managed to stop imports of oil from Kazakhstan and has also lowered food imports by reseeding some cotton fields with grain. Unfortunately, the cotton industry has cause environmental problems.
The largest is the shrinking of the Aral Sea. According to government statistics, 44 percent of workers are in agriculture and forestry; 20 percent in industry; 36 percent in the service sector. Five percent unemployed, and 10 percent are underemployed. Many rural jobless, however, may be considered agricultural workers. A particular feature of the Uzbekistan labor system is the requirement of school and university students, soldiers, and workers to help in the cotton harvest.
They go en masse to the fields for several days to hand-pick cotton. Many Uzbeks, particularly men, work in other parts of the former Soviet Union. Bazaars from Kazakhstan to Russia are full of Uzbek vendors, who command higher prices for their produce, the farther north they travel. Others work in construction or other seasonal labor to send hard currency home. About 2 percent of the workforce is of pension age and 1 percent is under sixteen.
That concludes this report on the Republic of Uzbekistan. There are no vaccination requirements for Uzbekistan travel and no outbreaks of infectious diseases. Basic medications and health care is available, and there is an International Clinic in Tashkent. The most common causes of illness among travelers to Uzbekistan usually stem from drinking tap water, eating unwashed or improperly prepared produce and meats, and sunburn or heat exhaustion during the hot summer months.
By drinking bottled water, washing all fruits and vegetables thoroughly, and planning your summer excursions to avoid being out in the heat of the day, most issues can be minimized or avoided.
Is Uzbekistan safe to travel alone? According to the Solo Safety Travel Report, Uzbekistan ranks 5th in the world for safety and convenience for solo travelers. It can be a great place to join a group tour or meet up with other travelers in the hostels or yurt camps. For travelers who prefer solo or independent travel, Uzbekistan is a great choice for your next trip. If you would like to join a group tour for part of your trip, or just want some helpful tips for planning your independent trip, check out our Uzbekistan tour itineraries.
Is Uzbekistan expensive? For those on a travel budget, Uzbekistan is a great option. Tourist attractions usually have two admission prices — one for local tourists and one for foreigners. Our goal at OrexCA is to provide the best possible services to you at the lowest possible prices, so check out our special Uzbekistan tourism packages to find a service or program that works best for you. What do they eat in Uzbekistan? Uzbek cuisine is generally well-loved by local and international tourists alike, and each region of the country has its own special dishes or unique variations of the national dishes.
The symbol of Uzbek cuisine is plov! This rice, carrot and meat dish, while made throughout the wider region, is acknowledged by all of Central Asia to be the absolute best in Uzbekistan. The method of preparation and extra ingredients vary from city to city, so we recommend tasting the plov in every city you visit to discover the differences for yourself!
Restaurants and cafes in Uzbekistan differ in their menus: some offer international dishes, while many provide only local fare. Restaurants with Italian, Russian, Korean or Indian cuisine are few, and most of them are concentrated in Tashkent.
However, in the main tourist cities you can usually find at least one restaurant serving dishes from around the world. Restaurants for vegetarians in Uzbekistan are rare, but vegetarian dishes can be found at many restaurants in the country, particularly in the form of soups and salads.
Particularly for vegetarians, and in order to taste the best in produce that Uzbekistan has to offer, we recommend visiting between May and October, when a large variety of fruits and vegetables will be available at a low cost. What do you wear in Uzbekistan? For evenings, you may need a light jacket or sweater. A large Daewoo South Korean television and videocassette plant in Tashkent is the most visible foreign electronics enterprise.
The British Massey-Ferguson firm plans an agricultural machinery plant at some future date, and the British Quickstop supermarket chain opened outlets in Tashkent in Although some improvement has been made in Uzbekistan's tax and legal system, the dominance of the state bureaucracy continues to complicate foreign investment. While proclaiming the eventual goal of a market economy, economic planners have moved very slowly in privatization and in the creation of a Western-style financial sector that would offer economic incentives and encourage private entrepreneurial initiative.
This strategy has succeeded in reducing the transition shocks experienced by other post-Soviet societies. Part of that moderation results from Uzbekistan's initially more favorable situation in Because the cotton monoculture gave Uzbekistan a commodity with sales value worldwide in some 75 percent of cotton exports went outside the CIS and because Uzbekistan was less dependent on foreign trade and imported energy supplies than the other Central Asian countries, the end of the Soviet Union imposed fewer economic hardships.
The cotton crop, expected to set a record, was significantly below forecast levels, however. Meanwhile, in the republics of the region continued nominal efforts to improve the Aral Sea environmental disaster, amid significant doubts that Uzbekistan would sacrifice cotton irrigation water from Aral tributaries to achieve that goal.
In its evaluation at that time, the IMF noted that Uzbekistan's structural reform had been slow, notably in the banking sector, but that its tight monetary policy had slowed the economy's previous runaway inflation and liberalization of foreign exchange had been effective. Inflation for was 77 percent; the IMF year-end inflation target for was 21 to 25 percent; the exchange rate of the Uzbekistani som fell from thirty to the United States dollar in to thirty-five to the dollar in The projected budget deficit for was 3.
Karimov criticized some bureaucrats for hindering execution of reform decrees, and the president began advocating private enterprise as the surest path to individual and national prosperity. Overall foreign trade goals still included expanded commercial agreements with East Asia and the West, but by Uzbekistan had expressed willingness to join a customs union with Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia, which already had reached a series of commercial accommodations early in Self-sufficiency in oil, gained for the first time in , freed Uzbekistan from dependence on Russia in a key area.
Although some impetus had existed toward more democratic governance prior to independence, Karimov set the tone for political activity by winning a rigged presidential election in The new constitution approved in December prescribed a secular, multiparty democracy with full observance of human rights. However, the trial and harassment of opposition political figures and the restriction of the media began immediately; international protests in the next few years achieved scant results.
In March , a rigged referendum extended the presidency of Karimov until These are the performances of original folklore groups and sports battles, and variety shows, and noisy fairs of folk craftsmen. And, of course, what a holiday without food! Festive pilaf on this day is the central dish of any dastarkhan table , followed by family, colleagues, neighbors and friends.
In various districts of the country in honor of the Uzbekistan Independence Day, special exhibitions on the history, culture of the country and flower festivals are opened.
By annual inflation reached 1, percent, but government restrictions in lowered the year-end figure to 77 percent. The most important of these, Birlik Unity , initially advocated the diversification of agriculture, a program to salvage the desiccated Aral Sea, and the declaration of the Uzbek language as the state language of the republic. It involves hundreds of extras, musicians, dance groups, the brightest stars of the stage and cinema. That putative role also has gained Uzbekistan considerable distrust among the other four republics, each of which has a significant Uzbek minority population and each of which has felt the impact of Uzbekistan's drive for supremacy in different ways. In each region in Uzbekistan, a festive program is written in honor of the Independence Day.
Agricultural machinery, especially for cotton, is produced in the Tashkent region. What should I expect when exiting Uzbekistan? It involves hundreds of extras, musicians, dance groups, the brightest stars of the stage and cinema. There are regular flights from Moscow and St. Uzbek, a Turkic language closely related to Uyghur, is the official language of Uzbekistan.
Just be prepared for a hour stop at the border while the train passes through customs.
There are regular flights from Moscow and St.