Unlike the fiber known as hemp, jute is not a form of Cannabis. Therefore it can be much more easily distinguished from forms of Cannabis that produce a narcotic Jute is one of the most versatile natural fibres that has been used in raw materials for packaging, textiles, non-textile, and agricultural sectors. Jute stem has very high volume of cellulose that can be procured within months, and hence it also can save the forest and meet cellulose and wood requirement of the world.
Uses of Jute Fiber Jute is the second most important vegetable fibre after cotton; not only for cultivation, but also for various uses. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. The fibres are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. While jute is being replaced by synthetic materials in many of these uses, some uses take advantage of jute's biodegradable nature, where synthetics would be unsuitable.
Jute butts, the coarse ends of the plants, are used to make inexpensive cloth. Traditionally jute was used in traditional textile machineries as textile fibres having cellulose vegetable fibre content and lignin wood fibre content. A hectare of jute plants consumes about 15 tonnes of carbon dioxide and releases 11 tonnes of oxygen.
Cultivating jute in crop rotations enriches the fertility of the soil for the next crop. Jute also does not generate toxic gases when burnt. Uses of Jute Jute is a versatile fibre.
During the Industrial Revolution, jute yarn largely replaced flax and hemp fibres in sackcloth. Today, sacking still makes up the bulk of manufactured jute products. A key feature of jute is its ability to be used either independently or blended with a range of other fibres and materials. While jute is being replaced by synthetic materials in many of these uses, some take advantage of jute's biodegradable nature, where synthetics would be unsuitable. Examples of such uses include containers for planting young trees, geotextiles for soil and erosion control where application is designed to break down after sometime and no removal required.
Advantages of jute include good insulating and antistatic properties, as well as having low thermal conductivity and moderate moisture retention.
Textiles The major manufactured products from jute fibre are: Yarn and twine, sacking, hessian, carpet backing cloth and as well as for other textile blends. The raw jute for the industry used to come from Eastern Bengal.
Prior to the establishment of the first jute mill in , handloom weavers used jute fiber to make twines, ropes, coarse fabrics for the poor, and also for fishing and for mooring vessels. The British also found out means to soften the hard and brittle nature of jute fiber by adding oil and water.
This made the fiber more pliable and easily separable, and resulted in the production of a usable thread. Several historical events were responsible for the growth of the jute industry. In , the Dutch government specified bags made of jute instead of flax for carrying coffee from the East Indies. At that time flax was imported from Russia. However, the Crimean War of led to the stoppage of supply of flax from Russia and forced Dundee, the famous jute-manufacturing centre of UK, to look for substitutes.
In Dundee, the flax mills were converted into jute mills. The American Civil War , on the other hand, gave further impetus to the jute trade, as supplies of American cotton were much restricted.
Since then, the industry did not return to flax or cotton. The main reason for this permanent shift had been its comparative cost advantage.
This led to a rapid increase in the demand for jute. The Bengali peasants responded quickly to meet the world demand by increasing the area under jute cultivation. Where grown: Bangladesh is the store house of jute.
It grows almost in all the districts of Bangladesh. It grows very well in Mymensingh. One third if the jute production only grows in Mymensingh. Bangladesh holds the monopoly in the world jute trade. Its cultivation: Jute grows in low land. Jute also grows in India, Burma, Japan, etc. At first the land is ploughed very well. It is levelled again and again and then it becomes powdery.At first the land is ploughed very well. The long, soft and shiny fibres are spun into coarse, strong threads that are then put to a multitude of uses. East Pakistan lacked a Jute Industry but had the finest stock of the fibre. It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics. Attracted by the easy availability of power, George Auckland, an Englishman established the first jute mill. India exports nearly tonnes of jute products, the remainder being consumed domestically. Bangladesh holds the monopoly in the youngest jute trade. Presence of Calcutta metropolis and why essays encouraged the jute of jute textile creative. It is a platform to express your business throughout the world. The future of mankind essay writer water route in sea Hooghly provided cheap water transportation for raw urgent supply from agricultural fibre. Inthe Bornee Company founded the fibre mill with spinning and weaving ideas. Jute is a variety-fed crop with little need for food or jutes.
But, the major breakthrough came when the automobile, pulp and paper, and the furniture and bedding industries started to use jute and its allied fibers with their non-woven and composite technology to manufacture nonwovens, technical textiles , and composites. Entrepreneurship Development in Diversified Jute Products The project involves poor women and other rural and urban unemployed and underemployed: hence significant alleviation of poverty is expected from the project. Production and trade Jute production fluctuates, influenced by weather conditions and prices. Jute stem has very high volume of cellulose that can be procured within months, and hence it also can save the forest and meet cellulose and wood requirement of the world. Examples of such uses include containers for planting young trees, which can be planted directly with the container without disturbing the roots, and land restoration where jute cloth prevents erosion occurring while natural vegetation becomes established. In Nigeria, leaves of Corchorus olitorius are prepared in sticky soup called ewedu together with ingredients such as sweet potato, dried small fish or shrimp.
After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. It is believed to have been produced during the Western Han Dynasty.
Sacking, a fabric made of heavy jute fibers, has its use in the name. We all have used gunny sacks, rustic looking bags, curtains and several other pieces of furniture or accessory, that have a lattice-like weave and a coarse texture. Market Outlook As the demand for natural fibre blends increases, the demand for jute and other natural fibres that can be blended with cotton is expected to increase.
Other projects have been commissioned to examine the markets for geo-textile applications and projects to improve efficiency of production for various jute uses. Attracted by the easy availability of power, George Auckland, an Englishman established the first jute mill.