The land is the best surviving place for a human. But human is spoiling it in every way. Soil pollution occurs in soil, means it creates land pollution through the soil, so we should keep the lands clean. We should use dustbins which are made by human for collecting the trash in one place, we just have to throw the junk in it instead of spreading it everywhere.
Other living organisms also have the right to live in a fresh environment. And the human is making this environment polluted by his unacceptable activities. So, we should try to give them that fresh environment by stopping polluting the soil.
Water sources are also affected by soil pollution, so as the atmosphere as water and air also comes in contact with it, so control on the soil pollution is the key. We should reduce the number of fertilizers for our crops as excess fertilizers make the soil acidic. It is a process in which living organisms like bacteria and microbes are used to remove the noxious substances from the soil. It means the use of fungi for removal or contaminants present in the soil. If you are giving your efforts to make this nature beautiful, you will find it beautiful.
But if you are playing with it and making it hell, then be prepared to tolerate its hazardous results also. As a result, the land will be converted into a depleted land. Government efforts for soil conservation Soil erosion results in the sealing of soil surface giving lower infiltration rates and increased runoff. There are many areas worldwide where erosion has led to serious degradation of the land and made it unfit for crop production.
With the introduction of the first Five Year Plan in India, many steps were taken in this direction. The problem area is being identified with the help of remote sensing technology. A nationwide introduction of forestry has been initiated in different areas. It also includes social forestry. Apart from this, many programs are being conducted directly and indirectly for soil conservation.
Organic Farming Organic farming is a good option for reducing soil pollution. If the fertile capacity of the land is reduced, the day is not far when the problem of getting food will become common. To avoid this, we should try to safeguard the environment and reduce soil pollution. We should promote such farming where there is no harm to the environment. Today, in most industrial agriculture, there is excessive use of chemical fertilizer and insecticides.
Though many types of pollutants are responsible for destroying the fertility of the land, excessive use of chemical fertilizers is one of the main reasons. In chemical fertilizers, phosphate, nitrogen and other chemicals are polluting the environment and groundwater resources of land. The most dangerous pollutants are bioactive chemicals, due to which the micro-organisms of climate and soil are being destroyed resulting in decreased quality of soil.
Toxic chemicals enter the diet chain, so that they reach up to the top consumer. The use of organic chemicals in the last thirty years has increased by more than 11 times. In India alone every year, there is a use of approximately , tonnes of biochemicals.
The best way to reduce the use of these chemicals and reduce soil pollution is by organic farming. In organic farming in place of chemical fertilizers, insecticides and weeds, bacterial fertilizer nutrients such as compost, green manure, bacterial culture, organic manure, bio-pesticides and bio-agents are used. The fertility of the land remains for a long time and the environment is also not polluted and farmers also benefit from the increase in the quality of the crop.
In many areas of the country, farmers have started gradually adopting organic farming, which has increased the quality of their crops and their earnings have more than doubled. Farmers in Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, along with Rajasthan and some areas of Punjab have even begun a campaign to adopt organic farming to make the environment clean and safe.
Measures To Control or Reduce Soil Pollution at Glance The following measures should be taken to prevent soil pollution: Arrangements for collection, and disposal of garbage should be tightened. The deposition of wastes should be done in a proper manner and the sewage sludge from the factories should be treated before reaching the ground.
Priority should be given to the waste deposition by the Municipality and the Municipal bodies. It also destroys the vegetation in the area. Excess of chemical fertilizers reduces natural bacterial population in the soil. Nitrates of the chemical fertilizers cause methaemoglobinaemia in man and is characterized by decreased O2 transport by blood.
Excess of fluorides cause fluorosis. A recent study of Tata Energy Research Institute has shown that the area covered by land degradation has increased by almost lakh hectares, spelling down for agriculture productivity. Essay on Soil Pollution Prevention : 1. Improved agricultural methods might help to reduce the washing of fertilizers into water-ways. An efficient system of disposal should be developed to deal with domestic solid waste.
Solid wastes should be pretreated and recycled and only minimum quantity of such wastes should be discharged. Proper legislation should be passed and strictly enforced. Stringent laws should be imposed on defaulters. Reforestation and plantation of grasses. In afforestation, native species should be preferred over exotic species. Public awareness and involvement to combat the weeds like Parthenium and Eupatorium. In October , National Plastic Waste Management Task Force has recommended a ban on the production of carry bags with visible contamination.
In December , the Supreme Court harmed all non-forest activities like saw-mills, ply wood mills and mining in the forest areas particularly in the north-east states. Neem has shown promising results in halting desertification.To avoid this, we should try to safeguard the environment and reduce soil pollution. The land is the best surviving place for a human. The main reasons of soil pollution are human activities including accidental leaks, spills, manufacturing processes, dumping, etc.
Second, new forestry should be adopted where there is excessive pollution of forests, excessive animal feed and surface degradation. When the hazardous chemicals, sulphur, compounds of the lead released in the air reach the soil, it becomes polluted. But if you are playing with it and making it hell, then be prepared to tolerate its hazardous results also. Zinc, Copper, Manganese and Nickel: The reaction of these elements in soil is certainly affected by the pH, organic matter content, and, the redox status of the soil.
Soil Pollution Essay 4 words Soil pollution is the contamination of the soil of fertile land which is gradually increasing day by day mainly because of the use of fertilizers and industrialization. We should use dustbins which are made by human for collecting the trash in one place, we just have to throw the junk in it instead of spreading it everywhere. It also consists of various chemicals that are not good for the soil, it decreases the soil fertility and so that causes soil pollution. The persistence of various pesticides is given in the table
Excess potassium content in soil decreases vitamin C and carotene content in vegetables and fruits. Crop rotation or mixed cropping can improve the fertility of the land.
Soil Pollution Essay 2 words Polluted soil is the low quality soil by various actions of man and natural processes which makes soil unfit for the crop production. Due to solid waste, soil pollution is spreading further. The phytotoxic effect of heavy metals in soils especially Cd is known to be controlled by various mechanisms. As far as the question of human activities is concerned, land is the basis of all economic activities till the time of harvesting. Due to chemical fertilizers and bio-chemical chemicals, an imbalance in the entire ecosystem is created. As a result, large birds of prey such as the brown pelican, ospreys, falcons and eagles became endangered.
It also destroys the vegetation in the area. Soil Pollution Essay 3 words Soil pollution is the polluted soil because of the presence of toxic chemicals also called pollutants or contaminants in very high concentration to the soil of fertile land. Continuous deforestation Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the air; provide oxygen for humans and other organisms. Farmers generally use fertilizers to correct soil deficiencies. Chemical soil reformers like gypsum and pyrites as suggested by scientists should be used for the improvement of salinity-rich soil. Some of these above pesticides are very persistent in soils; hence cause of concern to human beings.
The non-biodegradable materials and solid non-decomposable wastes make the problem more complicated. In organic farming in place of chemical fertilizers, insecticides and weeds, bacterial fertilizer nutrients such as compost, green manure, bacterial culture, organic manure, bio-pesticides and bio-agents are used. Heavy Metal Uptake: The application of potentially toxic elements PTEs to the soil through composts, sewage-sludge and other waste materials may increase heavy metals concentration in crops, but has little or no effect on others depending on the chemistry and behaviour of particular heavy metals in soil and subsequent partitioning within the plant. Parthenium has now become a noxious pantropical weed.