Mitch and Cam Pritchett are the power couple when it comes to same-sex adoption, even though they are fictional Our current society has many definitions of family that exist beyond the traditional mother-father-child dynamic. With these changes to the modern concept of family has come much controversy. One of these changes is the rise of gay men and lesbian women who are currently raising children or are interested in becoming parents.
There has been both legal and social resistance to gay parent adoptions in the United States. However, research has shown no proof that child development is negatively impacted by same-sex parenting; therefore, sexual orientation is not a valid reason to deny adoption The blame does not solely fall on him though; many people in the world today are in the dark about whether or not to allow gay and lesbian parents to adopt children. Many research studies conclude that children are not adversely affected in any way from growing up in homosexual households; however, the fight for same-sex parents to be joined in marriage goes on, not only for Later in the movie it was revealed that the parents were very abusive to Teddy because at a very young age, Teddy was sent to a military school because his parents did not like them.
Same sex couples should have the same options as heterosexual couples. Allowing same-sex couples to adopt is a powerful step towards success and it helps in many ways, which is why same-sex couples should be able to adopt The number of children living with 1 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender LGBT parent today ranges from six to fourteen million children or adolescents.
Although adoption is first spoken of in the Bible, the first recorded adoption takes place in in the colonial United States when the governor of Massachusetts adopts a son marking the first legal adoption Sezun New Jersey has passed progressive laws and policies that prohibit discrimination charged against gay individuals in the adoption process Sudol, New Jersey state law also bans discrimination against gay individuals in the foster parent process As a nation our laws are fluid, evolving with a changing society.
It is often said that children are our future; they are our successors, the ones who will replace us and continue on to change the nation and the laws that govern it. It is the job of a parent to raise and sustain youth until they are able to stand alone.
Of the many issues facing our society, one pressing issue that needs to be addressed involves the development of these crucial beings, specifically who is legally fit to do so Homosexual people also form family units, either as single parents or as couples, with children, who are included in the family through a variety of circumstances.
A gay man or lesbian women or couple can enlist the help of a surrogate to have a baby while other homosexuals adopted or foster children Sherman, ; Virtel, The push for equal marriage rights from the LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual community has many wondering if their movement for social equality includes a motion for child rearing rights.
Although adoption by a single LGBT individual is not illegal in any of the fifty states, certain states prohibit the joint adoption or second-parent adoption of a child by a same-sex couple The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Constitution guarantees a right to same-sex marriage.
Is this a good thing. Homosexuality is illegal in many countries. Leaders punish their own citizens by jail, or even death, for being gay. In the United States, however, many states allow gay marriage. Some people approve of it, but also, some do not.
Society also plays a big part in the gay marriage legalization process. Same-sex marriage is a major controversial issue in the United States; specific examples would be the views of Americans, pros and cons of same-sex marriage, and the reality of it in the United States Gay marriage really has nothing to do with the bible or religion, all because it says something about it being wrong in the bible does not make it true.
People just seem to make it their business of what other people do, why do you care We often hear in society that gay families effect children and often cause the child to become gay; another claim is that children have a harder time developing because they lack a mother or father figure in the family structure.
For centuries, Marriage has only been associated with a man and woman, making it difficult for same-sex couples to be able to marry. Marriage is about love and commitment, and it gives off an official feeling to the eternal relationship. Marriage shouldn't be restricted by law because the government should not decide whether a man can marry a man or a woman Next will be seeking through the tradition of family and the way society envisions family.
Sandra Bem is a theorist that talks about the theory Gender Role Theory and the impacts that gender and sex roles stereotypes may have on society. Sandra Bem has had great success within psychology with her research in sex roles, unconventional families and gender schema theory Although it is starting to be viewed differently as times and laws change, people wonder what the effects of having same sex parents have on the children being raised in that household.
To better understand how gay and lesbian families are viewed in society, it is important to look at the history behind the gay rights movements, and studies aimed at the development of children who are growing up in a same-sex household They decided to adopt a child.
Controversy has risen with adoption as gay rights have been taken into consideration. Part of his way to hide his motives is by acting mad so he can set about his plan undeterred. With reference to? In Hamlet people make many references to his soul,?
Thy devil take thy soul!? Osric and Polonius seem to especially respect this suggestion. Claudius' speech is full of rhetorical figures, as is Hamlet's and, at times, Ophelia's, while Horatio, the guards, and the gravediggers use simpler methods of speech. Claudius demonstrates an authoritative control over the language of a King, referring to himself in the first person plural, and using anaphora mixed with metaphor that hearkens back to Greek political speeches.
His language is very self-conscious, and relies heavily on puns. Especially when pretending to be mad, Hamlet uses puns to reveal his true thoughts, while at the same time hiding them. Psychologists have since associated a heavy use of puns with schizophrenia. Many scholars have found it odd that Shakespeare would, seemingly arbitrarily, use this rhetorical form throughout the play. Hamlet was written later in his life, when he was better at matching rhetorical figures with the characters and the plot than early in his career.
Wright, however, has proposed that hendiadys is used to heighten the sense of duality in the play. Early critics viewed such speeches as To be, or not to be as Shakespeare's expressions of his own personal beliefs. Later scholars, such as Charney, have rejected this theory saying the soliloquies are expressions of Hamlet's thought process. During his speeches, Hamlet interrupts himself, expressing disgust in agreement with himself, and embellishing his own words.
He has difficulty expressing himself directly, and instead skirts around the basic idea of his thought. Not until late in the play, after his experience with the pirates, is Hamlet really able to be direct and sure in his speech. The clowns' discussion of whether her death was a suicide and whether she merits a Christian burial is at heart a religious topic. The play makes several references to both Catholicism and Protestantism , the two most powerful theological forces of the time in Europe.
The Ghost describes himself as being in purgatory , and as having died without receiving his last rites. This, along with Ophelia's burial ceremony, which is uniquely Catholic, make up most of the play's Catholic connections.
Some scholars have pointed that revenge tragedies were traditionally Catholic, possibly because of their sources: Spain and Italy, both Catholic nations. Scholars have pointed out that knowledge of the play's Catholicism can reveal important paradoxes in Hamlet's decision process. According to Catholic doctrine, the strongest duty is to God and family. Hamlet's father being killed and calling for revenge thus offers a contradiction: does he avenge his father and kill Claudius, or does he leave the vengeance to God, as his religion requires?
The play does mention Wittenberg, which is where Hamlet is attending university, and where Martin Luther first nailed his 95 theses. If it be not now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet will it come—the readiness is all. Many leaders at the time condemned the doctrine, as: "unfit 'to keepe subjects in obedience to their sovereigns" as people might "openly maintayne that God hath as well pre-destinated men to be trayters as to be kings.
At one moment, the play is Catholic and medieval, in the next, it is logical and Protestant. Scholars continue to debate what part religion and religious contexts play in Hamlet.
Hamlet is often perceived as a philosophical character. Some of the most prominent philosophical theories in Hamlet are relativism , existentialism , and scepticism.
Hamlet expresses a relativist idea when he says to Rosencrantz: "there is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so" 2. The idea that nothing is real except in the mind of the individual finds its roots in the Greek Sophists , who argued that since nothing can be perceived except through the senses, and all men felt and sensed things differently, truth was entirely relative.
There was no absolute truth. A double-meaning can be read into the word "is", which introduces the question of whether anything "is" or can be if thinking doesn't make it so. This is tied into his To be, or not to be speech, where "to be" can be read as a question of existence. Hamlet's contemplation on suicide in this scene, however, is more religious than philosophical.
He believes that he will continue to exist after death. Humanists living prior to Shakespeare's time had argued that man was godlike, capable of anything. Scepticism toward this attitude is clearly expressed in Hamlet's What a piece of work is a man speech:  What a piece of work is a man—how noble in reason; how infinite in faculties, in form and moving; how express and admirable in action; how like an angel in apprehension; how like a god; the beauty of the world; the paragon of animals.
And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? Is it possible to imagine so ridiculous as this miserable and wretched creature, which is not so much as master of himselfe, exposed and subject to offences of all things, and yet dareth call himself Master and Emperor. Rather than being a direct influence on Shakespeare, however, Montaigne may have been reacting to the same general atmosphere of the time, making the source of these lines one of context rather than direct influence.
Each of them faces the question of revenge in a different way. For example, Laertes moves quickly to be "avenged most throughly of [his] father", while Fortinbras attacks Poland, rather than the guilty Denmark. Pyrrhus only stays his hand momentarily before avenging his father, Achilles, but Brutus never takes any action in his situation. Hamlet is a perfect balance in the midst of these stories, neither acting quickly nor being completely inactive.
Scholars have proposed numerous theories as to why he waits so long to kill Claudius. Some say that Hamlet feels for his victim, fearing to strike because he believes that if he kills Claudius he will be no better than him.
But Gertrude, drawing her last breath before dying, says, "The drink, the drink; I am poison'd. Before Laertes dies, he reconciles with Hamlet and implicates Claudius in the scheme to undo Hamlet.
Hamlet then runs Claudius through, killing him. As Hamlet lies mortally wounded from the poison on the tip of Laertes sword, Prince Fortinbras arrives at Elsinore with his army after his conquest of Poland. Hamlet tells Horatio that he wishes the crown of Denmark to pass to Fortinbras. Then Hamlet dies. Ambassadors from England arrive to report the deaths of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, and Horatio announces that he will inform the world of the events leading up to the deaths of Hamlet and the others.
While soldiers bear off the bodies in a solemn procession, canons fire a salute. Conflicts Conflicts drive the action in the play. The main external conflict is between Hamlet and the killer of his father, Claudius. While Hamlet is attempting to confirm Claudius's guilt, Claudius is plotting and executing a plan to murder Hamlet. Hamlet is also in conflict with 1 his mother, whom he believes betrayed the memory of his father by marrying so soon after King Hamlet's death; 2 Ophelia, whom Hamlet treats with perplexing and sometimes insulting behavior; and 3 Laertes, whom Hamlet outraged by killing his father.
Laertes also believes that Hamlet indirectly caused Ophelia's death. Finally, Hamlet is in conflict with himself. Climax and Denouement The climax of a play or another literary work, such as a short story or a novel, can be defined as 1 the turning point at which the conflict begins to resolve itself for better or worse, or as 2 the final and most exciting event in a series of events.
The climax in Hamlet occurs, according to the first definition, when Hamlet satisfies himself that Claudius is indeed the murderer of his father—thanks to Claudius's guilty response to the players' enactment of The Mouse-trap The Murder of Gonzago. According to the second definition, the climax occurs in the final act during and just after the sword fight.
The denouement is the conclusion that follows the climax of a play. The conclusion in Hamlet takes place when Prince Fortinbras arrives at Elsinore with his army after his conquest of Poland. While struggling with his conscience, Hamlet time and again postpones carrying out the ghost's decree.
In the meantime, he becomes cynical, pessimistic, depressed. What a piece of work is a man! How noble in reason! And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? He is full of purpose but void of that quality of mind which accomplishes purpose. Shakespeare wished to impress upon us the truth that action is the chief end of existence—that no faculties of intellect, however brilliant, can be considered valuable, or indeed otherwise than as misfortunes, if they withdraw us from or rend us repugnant to action, and lead us to think and think of doing until the time has elapsed when we can do anything effectually.
Allusions or direct references to Adam, the Garden of Eden, and original sin occur throughout the play.
In the first act, Shakespeare discloses that King Hamlet died in an orchard Garden of Eden from the bite of a serpent Claudius. In the third scene of the same act, Claudius compares himself with the biblical Cain. Like Cain, Claudius kills his brother old King Hamlet. In his reply, the first gravedigger refers directly to Adam: "Why, there thou sayest: and the more pity that great folk should have countenance in this world to drown or hang themselves more than their even Christian. Come, my spade.
Laertes seeks revenge against Hamlet for killing his father, Polonius, the lord chamberlain. Deception Deception is a major motif in Hamlet. On the other, Hamlet conceals his knowledge of the murder. He also wonders whether the Ghost is deceiving him, pretending to be old King Hamlet when he is really a devil.
Polonius secretly tattles on Hamlet to Claudius. Hamlet feigns madness. After that scheme fails, Claudius and Laertes connive to kill Hamlet during the fencing match.
However, that scheme also goes awry when Gertrude drinks from a poisoned cup secretly prepared for Hamlet. Ambition Claudius so covets the throne that he murders his own brother, King Hamlet, to win it.
In this respect he is like Macbeth and Richard III in other Shakespeare plays, who also murder their way to the throne. Gertrude is torn between loyalty to Claudius and Hamlet. Horatio remains loyal to Hamlet to the end. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, school pals of Hamlet, betray Hamlet and spy on him. Fate, or unabashed plot contrivance, works its wonders in this Shakespeare play. Christ-like Hamlet Hamlet is like Christ, Irish dramatist George Bernard Shaw has observed, in that he struggles against the old order, which requires an eye for and eye.
Christ preached against revenge. In so doing he is able to say and do things that confuse and perplex others while he conducts his murder investigation. But, in the process, does he really become mentally unbalanced?
That is a question for debate. But there is no question that he suffers deep mental anguish characterized by indecision and depression. Nor is there any doubt that Ophelia suffers a mental breakdown. Like other young ladies of her time, she has to accept the will of the men around her: her father, her brother, the king, and of course Hamlet.
She is not allowed to have a mind of her own. Consequently, she does not know what to do after circumstances isolate her.
Laertes goes off to school, Hamlet rejects her, and then her father dies. Meanwhile, the king centers his attention on ridding Elsinore of Hamlet. It is Hamlet's rejection of Ophelia and her father's death that are the biggest blows to her sanity.
Hamlet, disgusted with his mother's marriage making her, in his mind, a wanton who yields her body to her late husband's brother , seems to transfer his disgust to delicate Ophelia, telling her, "Get thee to a nunnery: Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? Hamlet is saying that Ophelia is unworthy to marry and bear children, who would be sinners. Instead, she should enter a nunnery, a convent for nuns.
Nunnery was also used in Shakespeare's time as a slang term for a brothel. So it could be that Hamlet is telling Ophelia that she is no better than a common whore or prostitute. Ophelia's presence in the play helps to reveal Hamlet's thinking, in particular his detestation of women as a result of his mother's hasty marriage to vile Claudius. Particularly striking are the snake metaphors.
It is the venom of a serpent in the person of Claudius that kills old King Hamlet. It is a sword—a steel snake, as it were—that kills Polonius, Hamlet, Laertes, and Claudius.
The sword that kills Hamlet and Laertes is tipped with poison. Moreover, it is a poisoned drink that kills Gertrude. As for Ophelia, it is poisoned words that undo her. The word poison and its forms such as poisons, poisoner, and poisoning occur thirteen times in the play.
Serpent occurs twice, venom or envenom six times, devil nine times, and hell or hellish eleven times. Garden as a symbol for the Garden of Eden or gardener occurs three times. Adam occurs twice. It is understandable, then, that Hamlet is reluctant at first to believe that the Ghost on the roof of the castle is really the spirit of his father.
Hamlet acknowledges his doubt: The spirit that I have seen May be the devil: and the devil hath power To assume a pleasing shape; yea, and perhaps Out of my weakness and my melancholy, As he is very potent with such spirits, Abuses me to damn me. But as a Roman Catholic, he cannot go against the tenets of his religion, which forbids suicide. Early in the play, Shakespeare suggests that Hamlet is in his teens or perhaps about twenty.
According to this information, Hamlet should be about thirty. Probably this: In an edition of the play published in the early s, the gravedigger says Yorick has been dead for only twelve years, which would make Hamlet about nineteen.
Apparently, the eleven-year discrepancy between the two editions was the result of an editing error. What it all means is that Hamlet is only nineteen or twenty. However, in Hamlet, Gertrude and Ophelia are both weaklings who are dominated by men. Hamlet well realizes that fickle Gertrude wants, needs, requires marriage—impropriety notwithstanding—to satisfy her desire for attention.Hamlet suffers great mental anguish over the death of his father, the marriage of his mother to the suspected murderer Claudius, the brother of the dead king , and the clash between his moral sense and his desire for revenge against his father's murderer. In addition, the government has to realize that religion should not play a role in whether or not gays should be able to adopt as a couple There, while conducting the court's business, he will be murdered. Gertrude: Hamlet's mother and for of the murdered king. As the hamlet continues between the two clowns, it becomes a time of whether her drowning was run or not. Restoration[ edit ] Problem the title was restored inGay re-opened. Note that Day is suicidal in the first soliloquy well before he does the Ghost. Quit, Hamlet tells Horatio, "That skull had a dissertation in it, and could sing once; how the wife jowls it to the ground, as if it were Narrative's jaw-bone, that did the adoption time. The opening scene is bad with confusions and objectives: "Bernardo. The play was also often Marriage early or late argumentative essay more violently than in later essays. See Distractedly. With reference to?.
Bradley and Sigmund Freud , developed ideas which built on the past and greatly affected the future of Hamlet criticism.
However, there are people in this world who believe family should be limited to parents of opposite genders. After Hamlet discovers his fatal mistake, the ghost reappears to remind Hamlet of his duty. Homosexual people also form family units, either as single parents or as couples, with children, who are included in the family through a variety of circumstances. The caller then explained that she had to go. Hamlet suffers great mental anguish over the death of his father, the marriage of his mother to the suspected murderer Claudius, the brother of the dead king , and the clash between his moral sense and his desire for revenge against his father's murderer.
For centuries, Marriage has only been associated with a man and woman, making it difficult for same-sex couples to be able to marry. Like Gertrude, she is totally dependent on a male—in her case, her father. Same-sex marriage is a major controversial issue in the United States; specific examples would be the views of Americans, pros and cons of same-sex marriage, and the reality of it in the United States Ophelia's presence in the play helps to reveal Hamlet's thinking, in particular his detestation of women as a result of his mother's hasty marriage to vile Claudius. Like Cain, Claudius kills his brother old King Hamlet. Next will be seeking through the tradition of family and the way society envisions family.
Particularly striking are the snake metaphors.
Other settings in Hamlet are a plain in Denmark, near Elsinore, and a churchyard near Elsinore. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, school pals of Hamlet, betray Hamlet and spy on him. Your reaction will further focus on a specific character, scene, film technique and relationship. In the first act, Shakespeare discloses that King Hamlet died in an orchard Garden of Eden from the bite of a serpent Claudius. In an anticipation of his later theories of the Oedipus complex , Freud suggests that Claudius has shown Hamlet "the repressed wishes of his own childhood realized" his desire to kill his father and take his father's place with his mother.