Current adaptive management philosophies suggest that full completion of an adaptive management cycle is not needed to identify successes and areas needing further attention Schreiber Here, we identified a number of key lessons learned Table 1 and related them to foundational elements relevant for other restoration efforts, including authority, institutional practices and adaptive management practitioners, applied science framework and peer review, and uncertainty and management option matrices.
We encourage the perusal of other papers in this special issue for other key lessons learned. Although this project is still in the planning phase, the lessons and scientific knowledge gained from the CERP Adaptive Management Program are being brought directly to the planning effort. As CERP restoration projects are implemented, further assessments of the Everglades Adaptive Management Program will describe lessons learned from the full adaptive management cycle, including incorporating new information into decision-making and making adjustments based on increased knowledge of how best to achieve restoration success.
Identifying these lessons learned will help to ensure that other natural resource management and restoration efforts can learn and benefit from development and implementation of the CERP Adaptive Management Program by providing insight into common technical and logistical challenges and pitfalls that arise as adaptive management is integrated into large-scale ecosystem restoration activities.
If accepted for publication, your response will be hyperlinked to the article. To submit a response, follow this link. To read responses already accepted, follow this link. The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the U. Fish and Wildlife Service, U. Department of Interior, U. National Park Service, U. Geological Survey. Labisky, A. Ecological effects of extreme hydrological events on the Greater Everglades.
Unpublished report. Bormann, B. Haynes, and J. Adaptive management of forest ecosystems: Did some rubber hit the road? BioScience 57 2 The natural South Florida system II: predrainage ecology.
Urban Ecosystems 3 Adaptive management as an information problem. North Carolina Law Review Ecological Indicators. Special issue: indicators for Everglades restoration. Ecological Indicators 9 S Gentile, J. Harwell, W. Cropper, Jr. Harwell, D. DeAngelis, S. Davis, J. Ogden, and D. Ecological conceptual models: a framework and case study on ecosystem management for South Florida sustainability.
Science of the Total Environment Ohlson, and J. Deconstructing adaptive management: criteria for applications to environmental management. Ecological Applications 16 6 CO;2 Gunderson, L. Resilience, flexibility and adaptvie management—antidotes for spurious certitude? Conservation Ecology 3 1 : 7. Gunderson, L. Adaptive management and adaptive governance in the Everglades ecosystem. Policy Sciences 39 4 Ecosystem management of South Florida. BioScience 47 8 Gentile, A. Bartuska, C.
Harwell, V. Myers, J. Obeysekera, J. Ogden, and S. A science-based strategy for ecological restoration in South Florida. Introduction to the special feature: adaptive management—scientifically sound, socially challenged? Conservation Ecology 3 1 : Lall, U. Phillips, K. Reckhow, and D. Quantifying and communicating model uncertainty for decision making in the Everglades. Light, S. Water control in the Everglades: a historical perspective. Pages in S. Davis and J. Ogden, editors.
Everglades: the ecosystem and its restoration. McVoy, C. Said, J. Arman, and T. Landscapes and hydrology of the predrainage Everglades.
Meridian Institute. Mitsch, W. Band, and C. Everglades landscape model ELM , version 2. Nie, M. Decision making triggers in adaptive management.
Department of Agriculture and U. Decision-making triggers in adaptive management. Conservation Biology 26 6 Adaptive monitoring and assessment for the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. National Academies Press, Washington, D. Adaptive management for water resources project planning. Progress toward restoring the Everglades: the first biennial review. Progress toward restoring the Everglades: the second biennial review. Progress toward restoring the Everglades: the third biennial review.
Progress toward restoring the Everglades: the fourth bienneial review. Nyberg, B. An introductory guide to adaptive management: for project leaders and participants.
Ogden, J. The use of conceptual ecological landscape models as planning tools for the South Florida ecosystem restoration programs. Davis, K. Jacobs, T. Barnes, and H. The use of conceptual ecological models to guide ecosystem restoration in South Florida.
Wetlands 25 4 Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan adaptive management strategy. Final system status report. Adaptive management integration guide: the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. Evaluation team: CERP system-wide performance measures. Ruhl, J. Adaptive management in the Courts. Minnesota Law Review 95 2 Schreiber, E.
Bearlin, S. Nicol, and C. Adaptive management: a synthesis of current understanding and effective application. Ecological Management and Restoration 5 3 Chimney, S. Newman, P. McCormick, D. Gawlik, S. Miao, C. McVoy, W. Newman, C. Coronado, G. Crozier, M.
Korvela, and K. The ecological-societal underpinnings of Everglades restoration. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3 3 CO;2 Stankey, G. Bormann, C. Ryan, B. Shindler, V. Sturtevant, R. Clark, and C. Health Perspect. Google Scholar Frederick, P. Wading birds as bioindicators of mercury contamination in Florida, USA: annual and geographic variation. Florida Panther Genetic Restoration and Management.
Naples, FL, http:www. Google Scholar FWC. Florida PantherNet. Google Scholar Khera. Teratogenic effects of methylmercury in the cat: note on the use of this species as a model for teratogenicity. Teratology 8, — Food habits of panthers in southwest Florida.
Google Scholar McCown, J. Tallahassee, FL, http:www. Google Scholar Roelke, M. Mercury contamination in the free-ranging endangered Florida panther Felis concolor coryi. Proceedings American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, pp. Mercury contamination in Florida panthers. December Google Scholar Sample, B. II Toxicological Benchmarks for Wildlife: revision.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Google Scholar Shindle, D. Annual Performance Report — Google Scholar Thompson, D. Mercury in Birds and Terrestrial Mammals Chapter Beyer, G. Heinz and A. Redmon-Norwood eds. Environmental Contaminants in Wildlife.Pages in S. Water Resources Development Act of In addition, adaptive management requires a commitment by agencies and managers to use the science to inform adjustments in policies Stankey et al. However, it requires a commitment of resources to support the science requirements needed to do adaptive management effectively Thom , Wilhere , Gregory et al. Water Resources Council , Yoe and Orth Cropper, Jr.
Progress toward restoring the Everglades: the second biennial review.
Although few successful examples of large-scale adaptive management applications are available to restoration scientists and managers, examining where and how the components of an adaptive management program have been successfully implemented yields insight into what approaches have and have not worked. Quantifying and communicating model uncertainty for decision making in the Everglades. Chimney, S. Health Perspect.
Interim report. Gawlik, S. Google Scholar Yanochko, G. Jacobs, T.