At the end of the documentary, you should include a list of relevant audio and visual sources that you included in your documentary. This is not a repeat of your bibliography. Just name the major locations of your images. Writing Annotations Now we need to create an annotation to support that citation. Essentially, we are giving the reader a hint about what he or she could find in this source.
Three Components of a Good Annotation 1. It identifies what type of source this is song, poem, book, website, journal article, diary entry, newspaper article, you get the drift…. How was the source used? How did the source help you understand your topic and create your project? So for my book, my annotation would look something like this: Morris, Edmund. New York: Modern Library, This biography of Theodore Roosevelt helped me understand the way in which Philippe Bunau Varilla was able to get President Roosevelt to recognize the revolutionary government of Panama.
It also gave me details regarding the specific treaties signed between the two nations that gave the U. An annotation normally should be about sentences long. Really long annotations generally do not impress people. Get to the point! Please understand that it is NOT the purpose of an annotation to summarize the book but to assess its value to your research.
The NHD Contest Rule Book states that the annotations "must explain how the source was used and how it helped you understand your topic. Other details that you might want to include in an annotation Classification of primary or secondary source You should use the annotation to explain why you categorized a particular source as primary or secondary, only if that is likely to be controversial.
Historians do sometimes disagree, and there is not always one right answer, so justify your choice to the NHD judges. Secondary source that included primary material You may also use the annotation to explain that a book or other secondary source included several documents, photographs, or other primary materials used for the project. But please note, this book is still a secondary source, and should be included in the secondary source section of your bibliography.
Examples: "This book included three letters between person X on the frontier and person Y in New England, which provided insight into the struggles and experiences of the settlers. You then can use the annotation in the bibliography to provide more detailed information about the images that you found and HOW you used them in your documentary. Should I list each photograph or document individually?
When you find a collection of photographs that you want to use, you only need to cite them once, as a group. How many sources should I have for my annotated bibliography?
We cannot tell you a specific number of sources, as that will vary by the topic and by the resources to which you have reasonable access. For some topics, such as the Civil War or many twentieth century U. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. YouTube has become a highly influential media which is extremely popular among users worldwide.
Today, YouTube has millions or even billions of users worldwide. This is one of the most popular social media along with FaceBook, Twitter and others. The popularity of YouTube is closely intertwined with the publishing opportunity offered by the social media because users can publish their videos both documentary and featured ones.
In such a way, users get ample opportunities to share their videos instantly. At the same time, the distinct feature of YouTube is its perfomrability because it is the performativity of videos that attracts users and the more performable a video is the more users will watch it, the more popular it becomes.
Even though YouTube focuses on sharing videos mainly, the social media still opens wide opportunities for users to share their creative ideas and make them performable. Users may be driven by different concerns, while publishing their videos and sharing information with others.
Some of them may be willing to publishing some interesting facts recorded by them in the real world, while others manifest their creativity with the help of YouTube. YouTube allows watching diverse videos and channels which may vary in their content. One popular site that offers a ton of good material for research is YouTube.
There are literally millions of educational and informational videos on this video streaming website. Yet what advice does Abagnale give to young consumers today? In this paragraph, we see that Abagnale is referenced as a direct source.
His name is not used in the sentence, so it is placed in parentheses at the end of the direct quote. Where does the quote come from? It comes from the YouTube video screen-capped at the top of this page. There are a couple ways you could do this. For example: Sanders, Sarah Huckabee. Sometimes in your research you may find that you want to reference a comment made on a YouTube video.
But please note, this book is still a secondary source, and should be included in the secondary source section of your bibliography. There are times when you would want to make a reference to a source, especially when you are referencing primary source material. Please note that this kind of quote should be used very infrequently, but it can be effective. The footnote tells us the author, the title of the book, the basic publishing information, as well as the page or range of pages where my quote can be found. Please note that it is also appropriate to use the parenthetical references described in the website section as well.
When this is the case, use a quotation. The platform of course is YouTube, and that is noted in the reference. A fishing fleet was called to help rescue as many passengers as possible in the North Atlantic.
What makes YouTube really popular and mainstream social media is its performativity because the audience receive what it wants and expects from the media, the performance, the show and entertainment with the possibility of the further communication and even interaction with other users of YouTube. Tips to Remember An important thing to consider when citing a video on YouTube is to get all the pertinent information and save it for later. How will I interpret the subject matter? However, it is also important to know where the video comes from—i. Using the index, I can jump to the section of the book where President Roosevelt is approached by Philippe Bunau-Varilla about a plan to get control of the canal that a French company began digging.
In such a situation, the distinct feature of YouTube is its performativity because users publishing their videos on YouTube focus on their performativity. When it does, use [sic]. There are a couple ways you could do this.
When that happens, signal to your reader that the following information came from a certain source and then cite it once at the end of the last sentence.
Whenever possible, use a quote from a primary source over a quote from a secondary source. Mission The Purdue University Writing Lab and Purdue Online Writing Lab OWL assist clients in their development as writers—no matter what their skill level—with on-campus consultations, online participation, and community engagement. In such a way, users get ample opportunities to share their videos instantly. You want to give the people from the past the chance to have their say, but do not let their voices take over your paper. Do you like this essay?
A block quote should look like this: The Constitution of the United States defined the weakness of the Articles of Confederation in the one-sentence preamble, We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. After the quote, continue typing using double-spacing. The footnote tells us the author, the title of the book, the basic publishing information, as well as the page or range of pages where my quote can be found.
The goal is to make this process as clear as possible. When it does, use [sic]. In fact, it is not the interest proper.
Sometimes closing out of a tab on your computer screen without getting the necessaries can be the difference between a happy end to your research writing and hours of agonizing over how to find where such-and-such quote came from. How will I interpret the subject matter?
Example Bibliography and Footnotes Note to teachers: This guide is designed to condense the key elements of the Chicago Manual of Style to a format that can be understood by middle and high school students. At the end of the documentary, you should include a list of relevant audio and visual sources that you included in your documentary. Keeping track of notes and sources: Information is only valuable if you can record it and use it later. Most historians use footnotes when they write a paper, article, or book. How do I cite that?
Saying that you got your picture from Google is like saying that you got your quote from a library. What do I do? This graphic organizer will help you contextualize the political, social and economic climate during the time period your topic occurred.
There are a couple ways you could do this. What we did above in our paragraph example of a paper on Abagnale was to reference the speaker directly. How will I interpret the subject matter? Yet what advice does Abagnale give to young consumers today?