The committee has submitted a report in this regard. Background: The panel had examined issues regarding the categorisation of the Western Ghats as ESA as per the recommendations of two committees led by Madhav Gadgil and K. The panel examined 62 assurances during its deliberations with various State governments and other organisations, and had visited Pune, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru, before preparing its report. What next? The committee is of the view that implementation of the recommendations of the Kasturirangan report is only possible with active support of local population.
It also requires consultation with the State government at micro level to achieve the objectives of saving the Western Ghats. What did the Gadgil Committee say? It defined the boundaries of the Western Ghats for the purposes of ecological management.
It proposed that this entire area be designated as ecologically sensitive area ESA. It proposed to divide the area into about 2, grids, of which 75 per cent would fall under ESZ I or II or under already existing protected areas such as wildlife sanctuaries or natural parks.
The committee proposed a Western Ghats Ecology Authority to regulate these activities in the area. What was the need for the subsequent Kasturirangan Committee? None of the six concerned states agreed with the recommendations of the Gadgil Committee, which submitted its report in August States insist that protection can be given under existing laws. Gadgil report is against dams in the Western Ghats, which is a crucial blow on the ailing power sector.
Considering the growing energy needs of India, critics argue that this recommendation cannot be taken. When the Gadgil Committee report was first made public, there were a lot of protests against it from the sand mining and quarrying lobbies in Goa.
Many mafias created fear among farmers in Kerala that the Gadgil report is against them, and that they will lose livelihood if its recommendations are implemented. Darker side and Hidden Agenda Ministry of environment and forests kept the Gadgil report in safe custody for eight months with them. It was not available for public discussion as expected by Gadgil committee members.
People asked for a copy, but the ministry said it could not be given. Then the matter is taken to the Delhi high court and only when the court passed an order, the ministry released the report! The court ordered that all the reports should be put on websites. The problem was that most people had not read it. Who bothers to read a page report, that too in English, uh! So, the mining lobby took advantage of this aspect and misled the people. They convinced the people against the report in their favour.
The lobby told the people that the report was against farmers and they would have to leave the area. People got really worried. And it is in this background that another committee was appointed to study Gadgil Report, review and suggest measures for implementation. A complete ban on mining, quarrying and sand mining in ESA.
Current mining areas in the ESA should be phased out within the next five years, or at the time of expiry of mining lease, whichever is earlier. Kasturirangan report on the Western Ghats has made several pro-farmer recommendations, including the exclusion of inhabited regions and plantations from the purview of ecologically sensitive areas ESAs.
The Kasturirangan report had said villages fall under the ESA purview. Criticisms of Kasturirangan committee Report The Kasturirangan panel used remote sensing and aerial survey methods for zonal demarcation of land in the Western Ghats. The usage of such techniques, without examining the ground reality, has caused many errors in the report. The power is vested with the bureaucrats and forest officials and not with gram sabhas.
Under this report, the mining and quarrying lobbies are expected to flourish. When these lobbies and tourism flourish, it will be disastrous for the environment. There will be a water shortage, there will be pollution. Finally, farmers will have to quit the area. They will not be able to do farming there. Kasturirangan report included ecologically non-sensitive areas under ESA, and left out many ecologically sensitive areas! Comparison of Gadgil Report and Kasturirangan Report Whenever we study environment, the evergreen topic of debate is between environment and development.
It is tough to achieve a perfect balance. The same happened with both these reports. If Gadgil report laid too much importance to the environment, Kasturirangan report was biased towards development. Kasturi Rangan report was criticized by many as that it provided loopholes for mining, which if allowed would turn detrimental to the environment, in long-term will affect development too. Kasturirangan report got the tag as anti-environmental soon after its release.
But this report was tagged anti-development too by many who fear that their livelihood and interests will be affected. He prescribed that the existing sanctuaries and ESZ-1 would together cover 60 percent of this landscape. The 25 percent lowest priority areas would be marked as ESZ-3 to allow all developmental activities with precautions. The remaining 15 percent area would become ESZ For example, while no mining would be allowed within ESZ- 1, existing mines could continue in ESZ-2 with a moratorium on new licences.
In ESZ-3, new mines could come up. The Kasturirangan panel, on the other hand, adopted the criteria followed by the Western Ghats Development Programme of the Planning Commission and identified talukas as its Western Ghats landscape, which worked out to 1,64, sq km. He marked 37 percent of this stretch as ESA where hazardous industries, thermal plants or mines would not be allowed.
Now, according to the Gadgil report, the ESZ-1 areas add up to approximately 77, sq km 60 percent of 1,29, sq km. That is a reduction of 17, sq km in the top priority segment. Source : Western Ghats — Tehelka. Another committee to study Kasturi Rangan report! Please, No! Yes, Oommen V Oommen Committee : As people turned violent and started protests, Oommen Chandy, the then Chief Minister of Kerala set up an expert committee the chairman has same first name as CM, did you see that; though he made life of UPSC aspirants difficult by appointing another committee, he made things a little easy by selecting a chairman whose first name is same as his, so that UPSC aspirants can remember: To the notice of all future committees and commissions!
The committee adopted a satellite survey to determine EFL and even plantations and estates were included in it!The transliteration has submitted a report in this judgment. What did the Gadgil Finale say. This post is longer than most of our skilled articles but read till the end to get your grades right. Recommendations were cited as impractical to end.
None of the six concerned states agreed with the recommendations of the Gadgil Committee, which submitted its report in August But this report was tagged anti-development too by many who fear that their livelihood and interests will be affected. Forest diversion could be allowed with extra safeguards. Therefore any developmental activity should be given permission so that it would not disturb the lifestyle and ecology of the region.
When the Centre sought Karnataka to demarcate the ESA through its first two notifications, the state government had requested the Ministry of Environment and Forests MoEF to exclude populated areas, farmlands and plantations from being declared as ESAs. Later, the central government sought the opinion of the five states in implementing the report. They will not be able to do farming there. Criticisms of Kasturirangan committee Report The Kasturirangan panel used remote sensing and aerial survey methods for zonal demarcation of land in the Western Ghats. It proposed to divide the area into about 2, grids, of which 75 per cent would fall under ESZ I or II or under already existing protected areas such as wildlife sanctuaries or natural parks. Even those who opposed the Gadgil Committee report now want it in place of the Kasturirangan Committee report.
This reports recommended that no new dams based on large scale storage be permitted in Ecologically Sensitive Zone. The Government justified its stance for the formation of the second committee by saying that people belonging to the six states comprising the Western Ghats were dissatisfied to the impracticality persisting in the Gadgil panel report. The state-level panel said a field survey should be held in places that the Madhav Gadgil and Kasturirangan reports have identified as ESAs to demarcate forest land and human settlements. Why people turned violent? He never did", Gadgil said. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
Now, member of the Planning Commission of Government of India.
They will not be able to do farming there. Background: The panel had examined issues regarding the categorisation of the Western Ghats as ESA as per the recommendations of two committees led by Madhav Gadgil and K.
No new thermal power projects, but hydro power projects allowed with restrictions. Recommendations were cited as impractical to implement.
Kasturi Rangan report was criticized by many as that it provided loopholes for mining, which if allowed would turn detrimental to the environment, in long-term will affect development too. No Comments Topics covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Later, the central government sought the opinion of the five states in implementing the report.
The panel examined 62 assurances during its deliberations with various State governments and other organisations, and had visited Pune, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru, before preparing its report. And it is in this background that another committee was appointed to study Gadgil Report, review and suggest measures for implementation.
The Western Ghats needs high attention in the sustainability aspect of whole India and especially South India.
Following the protests, the state assembly had unanimously passed a resolution in January asking the Centre to exempt populated, agriculture and plantation areas from the ambit of ESA. The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs almost parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula. Kasturirangan report of the state. Gadgil Commission submitted the report on 31 August