Decide what you want to convey in your essay and put it into words. This is usually placed near the end of your introduction paragraph. First paragraph topic that supports your thesis a. Second paragraph topic that supports your thesis a. Third paragraph topic that supports your thesis a. Your conclusion paragraph should detail how you are going to unite the topics from your aforementioned topics and weave them together into one solid point.
Your conclusion should round out your essay and unite your paragraphs together, solidifying your thesis. Additional quotes or references, if any VII. By following this outline format, the work of your essay is already clearly mapped out ahead of time.
This method takes the stress out of essay writing because it eliminates guesswork; struggling for the right idea or argument and helps you ensure your thesis is strong. Understanding the exact nature of the task at hand is crucial before going any further in the planning process, nevermind the writing process.
Brainstorm and Mind Map What You Know: Once students have understood what the essay task is asking of them they should consider what they know about the topic and, often, how they feel about it. Brainstorming and mindmapping what they know about a topic offers them an opportunity to uncover not just what they already know about a topic, but also gives them a chance to reveal to themselves what they think about the topic.
This will help guide them in structuring their research and, later, the essay they will write itself. Research: The previous step above should reveal to students the general direction their research will take. With the ubiquitousness of the internet, gone are the days of students relying on a single well-thumbed encyclopaedia from the school library as their sole authoritative source in their essay. If anything, the real problem for our students today is narrowing down their sources to a manageable number.
Students should use the information from the previous step to help here. Once these stages have been completed the student is ready to organise their points into a logical order. They can use graphic organizers, post-it notes, or any number of available writing apps. The important thing for them to consider here is that their points should follow a logical progression. This progression of their argument will be expressed in the form body paragraphs that will inform the structure of their finished essay.
The number of paragraphs contained in an essay will depend on a number of factors such as word limits, time limits, complexity of the question etc. Generally speaking, essay paragraphs will focus in on one main idea that is usually expressed in a topic sentence that is followed by a series of supporting sentences that bolster that main idea. Though students will most likely be familiar with the broad generic structure of essays, it is worth investing time to ensure they have a clear conception of how each part of the essay works, that is, of the exact nature of the task it performs.
Except in exam situations and the like, thorough editing is an essential aspect in the writing process. Often, students struggle with this aspect of the process the most. After spending hours of effort on planning, research, and writing the first draft, students can be reluctant to go back over the same terrain they have so recently traveled. It is important at this point to give them some helpful guidelines to help them to know what to look out for.
The following tips will provide just such help: One Piece at a Time: There is a lot to look out for in the editing process and often students overlook aspects as they try to juggle too many balls during the process. One effective strategy to combat this is for students to perform a number of rounds of editing with each focusing on a different aspect.
For example, the first round could focus on content, the second round on looking out for word repetition use a thesaurus to help here , with the third attending to spelling and grammar. Sum It Up: When reviewing the paragraphs they have written, a good starting point is for students to read each paragraph and attempt to sum up its main point in a single line. If this is not possible, their readers will most likely have difficulty following their train of thought too and the paragraph needs to be overhauled.
This may require some skillful time management on the part of the student, for example a student rush-writing the night before the deadline does not lend itself to effective editing.
Many a time, students try to impress others with big, fancy words without even knowing the meaning and end up using them in a completely wrong context.
After spending hours of effort on planning, research, and writing the first draft, students can be reluctant to go back over the same terrain they have so recently traveled. In fact, some of them may even make writing and editing an essay a little bit of fun. Check the order of your paragraphs. What are my main points? Copy to clipboard Use this infographic 1. Except in exam situations and the like, thorough editing is an essential aspect in the writing process.
Reading will help you explore different writing styles and will help you understand contextual learning inferring the meaning of words through the context. A Word on Transitions You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: the first few words. Generally speaking, essay paragraphs will focus in on one main idea that is usually expressed in a topic sentence that is followed by a series of supporting sentences that bolster that main idea. The Conclusion Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. Three, answer the question.
Brief recap The characters of Macbeth and Faustus are very similar in many respects; for example they both willingly follow a path that leads to their damnation. This is a great tip for beginners like you. It can be much less stressful to throw all your thoughts down on paper, before you start trying to find answers to these questions. Once they are down there it will be easier for you to start to review them critically and to see where you need to focus your reading and note taking. Common criticism given to students is that their essay: does not keep to the title that was set; has a poor structure; does not have enough critical writing.
There comes a point when it is time for students to release their work to the reader. It is important at this point to give them some helpful guidelines to help them to know what to look out for. London: Methuen. Read the essay out loud. Think about your life.
If yours is much longer you might want to consider editing it down a bit! Related content. Draw more lines off these main ideas and include any thoughts you may have on these ideas. The body of your essay argues, explains or describes your topic.
If left unplanned, the reading stage can swallow up huge amounts of time. Also, when we read silently our minds can often fill in the gaps or gloss over the mistakes that will become apparent when we read out loud. Breaking it down then building it up Essentially, this is what you are doing within the essay process: breaking ideas down, then building them up again. In fact, some of them may even make writing and editing an essay a little bit of fun. The structure may be strong and clear, or it may be unobtrusive and minimal but, in a good essay, it will be there.
Jot these subjects down. Phone a Friend: Peer editing is another great way to identify errors that our brains may miss when reading our own work. What reading do I need to do? Temptations lie everywhere.
Given the purpose of an essay is generally to present a logical and reasoned argument, investing time in organising arguments, ideas, and structure would seem to be time well spent. It rewards you with pictures of kittens every words. Some students may believe their job is done.
Questions to ask of your essay content may be useful. Complete writing the essay at least one day before proofreading. Act as a reporter and perform an exhaustive research on the topic by asking yourself Who? They would much rather enjoy reading it, and be satisfied by the thread of your argument.
Reading will help you explore different writing styles and will help you understand contextual learning inferring the meaning of words through the context. You will need to adapt and extend this basic structure to fit with your own discipline and the precise task set. Having done that, you then need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis. A useful generic structure is to: begin with a general point about the central issue; show your understanding of the task that has been set; show how you plan to address the title in your essay structure; make a link to the first point. People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success. This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction.
Feedback Good, constructively critical feedback can give you excellent guidance on how to improve your essay writing. This is by no means the most groundbreaking essay tip you will read, but it really does work. Whenever we learn a new skill - be it riding a bike, driving a car, or cooking a cake - we learn from our mistakes. It is however possible that some tutors may still prefer not to see it. They can use graphic organizers, post-it notes, or any number of available writing apps.