Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Dolby, Nadine. Accessed 20 May Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. Butler, vol. Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Klee, Paul.
Twittering Machine. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive, www. Accessed May Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Parks and Recreation. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it.
This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers. Adiche, Chimamanda Ngozi. Knopf, , pp. The location of an online work should include a URL. Creating Your Title Write down four to six title ideas that give the reader an idea of what to expect in your essay.
Eliminate any ideas that use first-person nouns or pronouns unless the essay is about you. For example, eliminate "Hamlet: A Research Paper.
Choose from the remaining ideas the title that would most likely catch the attention of your readers and make them want to read more. Formatting Your Title Type a left-aligned, double-spaced title block in the top left corner of the first page that lists your name, your instructor's name, your course title and number and the date.
Type each of the four items on a separate line. Type your working essay title in a plain point font using centered alignment on the next double-spaced line. Do not italicize or bold your title. Additionally, a header should begin on the first page flush with the right margin and one-half inch from the top, that includes your last name, a space, and consecutive Arabic numeral page numbers. The title appears on the first page, centered and title-cased.
The paper begins after a double space following the title. This means that source information is included in parentheses after outside information is quoted or paraphrased within the essay. This includes the author's last name and page number. For a resource to help you determine how to cite a specific source, see the MLA Bibliography Builder. To fully cite a source requires two stages. Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to include the whole passage.
You can usually make your point with a shorter quote. This is different from inline quotes, below. If the quotation runs across more than one page: Wordsworth-Fuller or Wordsworth-Fuller Here we have two brief passages, taken from the same page of the same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation.
The parenthetical citation appears outside the quoted material. The period that ends the sentence comes after the close parenthesis.
More commonly, author and page number or numbers are now used instead of ibid. For example, eliminate "Hamlet: A Research Paper. Here we have two brief passages, taken from the same page of the same source, so we can handle both with a single parenthetical citation. Wiley Online Library, doi: In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elements , and information about the source is kept to the basics. The upper left-hand corner of the first page contains your name, your instructor's name, the course name and the date, double-spaced.
Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. We can save space, and make it much easier on our reader, if we paraphrase: Use paraphrasing for variety, or to make a passing reference without taking up much space. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. List the entry for an essay from a website that does not have a printed duplicate with the information, formatting and punctuation contained in the following sample.
Type your working essay title in a plain point font using centered alignment on the next double-spaced line. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation. However, many thought leaders believe that the inclusion of website footnotes will not only lend credibility to the site, but also allow readers to utilize originating sources in order to gather additional information.
All of the citations are double spaced and a hanging indent is created by indenting the second and subsequent lines of each citation one-half inch. Follow the author's last name with the author's first name, the title of the essay in quotation marks, the title of the book or anthology in italics, the name of the editor, the place of publication, the publisher, the year it was published, the range of page numbers that include the essay and the medium of publication in which it appeared usually "print" or "web". Klee, Paul. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. The period that ends the sentence comes after the close parenthesis.
When writing a descriptive essay, or an essay that describes something in detail, students will sometimes be asked to follow MLA guidelines. Work Cited Said, Edward W. Do not indent second and subsequent lines. Klee, Paul. List the recorded information in order, using commas.
Woolf, Virginia. Accessed 20 May For example, should an author wish to include an interesting fact or comment about one of the statements made in the paper, but that comment is seemingly irrelevant to the argument being presented, they may choose to include that information in a footnote. Medium of publication. If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own.