Findings — after the examiner has gotten the reason behind the study, proceed and give your findings with an explanation on how it relates to the principal idea. For example, studying the case of an unforeseen incident, such as a fatal accident at a railroad crossing, can reveal hidden issues that could be applied to preventative measures that contribute to reducing the chance of accidents in the future. Most of the topics offered for case studies are related to the real-world application. If your subject of analysis is a phenomenon.
For example, in the case of studying the accident at the railroad crossing to evaluate where and what types of warning signals should be located, you failed to take into consideration speed limit signage as well as warning signals. Flyvbjerg examines five misunderstandings about case study research and systematically "corrects" each one. This includes synthesizing studies that help to: Place relevant works in the context of their contribution to understanding the case study being investigated. Case study format — Step by step outline There are different approaches that you can use in encryption of your case study.
Be sure to cite any prior studies that helped you determine that the case you chose was appropriate for investigating the research problem.
Structure and Writing Style The purpose of a paper in the social sciences designed around a case study is to thoroughly investigate a subject of analysis in order to reveal a new understanding about the research problem and, in so doing, contributing new knowledge to what is already known from previous studies. Explain why you selected this particular individual to be studied and describe what experience he or she has had that provides an opportunity to advance new understandings about the research problem. Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research. Looking at a prior example, it would be incorrect to state that a factor in improving girls access to education in Azerbaijan and the policy implications this may have for improving access in other Muslim nations is due to girls access to social media if there is no documentary evidence from your case study to indicate this.
A case may offer you an opportunity to gather evidence that challenges prevailing assumptions about a research problem and provide a new set of recommendations applied to practice that have not been tested previously. In this sense, a phenomenon that forms your subject of analysis can encompass anything that can be observed or presumed to exist but is not fully understood. Be sure that the recommendations for further research are linked to the research problem and that you explain why your recommendations are valid in other contexts and based on the original assumptions of your study. Use a specific method of approach — there are many ways in which you can write your case study , you can decide to state a concept and give it illustration immediately or you can decide to narrate the whole context then bring the relation later. Taking a contrarian stance is one of the most important ways that new knowledge and understanding develops from existing literature.
The overarching purpose of reviewing pertinent literature in a case study paper is to demonstrate that you have thoroughly identified and synthesized prior studies in the context of explaining the relevance of the case in addressing the research problem. If applicable, describe what type of human activity involving this place makes it a good choice to study [e. The purpose of their study was to provide new insights from measuring the impact of a typical local sports event that prior studies could not measure well because they focused on large "mega-events. In the social and behavioral sciences, the event or incident that represents the case to be studied is usually bounded by time and place, with a clear beginning and end and with an identifiable location or position relative to its surroundings. Provide a synthesis of key findings presented in the paper to show how these converge to address the research problem.
Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research. If you do not, your reader may question the validity of your analysis, particularly if you failed to document an obvious outcome from your case study research. Discussion The main elements of your discussion section are generally the same as any research paper, but centered around interpreting and drawing conclusions about the key findings from your case study. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Systematically explain the meaning of your case study findings and why you believe they are important. In general, a case study that investigates a place suggests a subject of analysis that is unique or special in some way and that this uniqueness can be used to build new understanding or knowledge about the research problem.
Title of the article. A case study encompasses a problem contextualized around the application of in-depth analysis, interpretation, and discussion, often resulting in specific recommendations for action or for improving existing conditions. If your subject of analysis is a phenomenon. Once you go through samples on various topics then you are going to improve your writing and score highly.
Note that a general social sciences research paper may contain a separate section to report findings. The main idea in case studies is about a relation of concepts with practical application so the moment you choose in a context that you do not understand then you are likely not to produce a good result. There are several tips that can help you come up with a great case study to satisfy your examiner. The first simple format is by dividing your paper into four sections: the Introduction, the Background, Findings, and the Conclusion. Note that, depending on the discipline you are writing in and your professor's preferences, the concluding paragraph may contain your final reflections on the evidence presented applied to practice or on the essay's central research problem. Journal title, volume number issue number , page numbers.