Gaps: what is missing from the literature? Compare your Findings to Other Studies You can use previous literature as a backdrop to compare your new findings. By trend: A better way to organize the above sources chronologically is to examine the sources under another trend, such as the history of whaling. The number of sources that you will be required to review will depend on what the literature review is for and how advanced you are in your studies. Provided broad motivation for interest in the area. Take notes as you read and start to organise your review around themes and ideas.
Study 3: Co-Witness Contamination Chapter had structure:. Literature Review of Relevant Research The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.
Like essays, a literature review must have an introduction, a body and a conclusion. What is a literature review, then?
Discusses what has been found, but points out inconsistency of results. If the reported methodology was successful, you can use it and save time that you would otherwise be spending on optimization. But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper? In this section, your findings should be the focus, rather than those of other researchers. One should not assume the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts. Read the literature Critically read each source, look for the arguments presented rather than for facts.
While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically.
Next four paragraphs described the contents and purpose of each section of the thesis. We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback.
We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback.
In a research paper, you use the literature as a foundation and as support for a new insight that you contribute.
Narrow your topic There are hundreds or even thousands of articles and books on most areas of study. Lamb, Sandra E. Literature reviews - Example 1 Example of literature reviews from Helen M. Introduction OK.
Following Cronon, the racial and class politics of wilderness preservation was a theme taken up by several scholars in the late s and early s, who researched the material effects of conservation politics on indigenous and rural Americans Catton ; Spence ; Jacoby Conclusion summarise the important aspects of the existing body of literature; evaluate the current state of the literature reviewed; identify significant flaws or gaps in existing knowledge; outline areas for future study; link your research to existing knowledge. But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order.
You can also use this method to consider what is currently of interest to scholars in this field and what is not. Use evidence In the example above, the writers refer to several other sources when making their point. Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a section of the paper. Briefly reviews what has been found, and then identifies a gap.