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Key parts of a literature review

  • 16.08.2019
Key parts of a literature review
Or it might end the intellectual progression of the only, including major debates. Uncertain literature reviews focus on different research throughout a period of time, often invisible with the first time an issue, concept, nerve, phenomena emerged in the world, key tracing its evolution within the new of a review. How part you further your character as a result of the review?.

History: the chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. Selection Methods: the criteria you used to select and perhaps exclude sources in your literature review. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. Standards: the way in which you present your information.

Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? How will you further your research as a result of the review? Writing Your Literature Review Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section.

When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. Use Evidence A literature review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper. Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid. Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological.

Related items that provide additional information but that are not key to understanding the research problem can be included in a list of further readings. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.

Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. Summarize and Synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each thematic paragraph as well as throughout the review. Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work.

Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center.

For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording. Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. Common Mistakes to Avoid These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature.

Sources in your literature review do not clearly relate to the research problem; You do not take sufficient time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem; Relies exclusively on secondary analytical sources rather than including relevant primary research studies or data; Uncritically accepts another researcher's findings and interpretations as valid, rather than examining critically all aspects of the research design and analysis; Does not describe the search procedures that were used in identifying the literature to review; Reports isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods; and, Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative interpretations found in the literature.

Cook, Kathleen E. Online Writing Center. Liberty University; Literature Reviews. The Writing Center. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Writing a Literature Review. Academic Skills Centre.

University of Canberra. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue? However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective.

Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every field of study has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature. Frodeman, Robert. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. New York: Oxford University Press, While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.

Review not just what scholars are saying, but how are they saying it. Some questions to ask: How are they organizing their ideas? What methods have they used to study the problem? What theories have been used to explain, predict, or understand their research problem? What sources have they cited to support their conclusions? How have they used non-textual elements [e. When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem.

Hart, Chris. Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Look for repeating patterns in the research findings. If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. At this point consider: Does your study extend current research? Does it forge a new path? The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.

Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages: Problem formulation—which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? Literature search—finding materials relevant to the subject being explored Data evaluation—determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic Analysis and interpretation—discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature Literature reviews should comprise the following elements: An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review Division of works under review into categories e.

Narrow down the topic. A well-constructed topic will definitely lead to excellent literature review. Apart from selecting a topic, you need to choose a target audience. In the literature review for research paper example where the topic is computational biology, the ideal audience would be computational biologists.

Then it may invite related subjects as computer science and biology. Go for current sources but keep in mind older studies. There are some areas which need current databases e. In such subjects, some information dated back a year ago before new discoveries were made could be irrelevant.

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Summarize and synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your clarification from your instructor: Roughly how many sources should you include. Clarify Russian personalities traits essay your assignment is not very specific, seek sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review. Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. How have you learned about this field-through classes, readings, America that systematically underrepresented city life and boomtowns, minorities to be a straight forward word like towel.
Key parts of a literature review

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And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant. Identify new ways to interpret prior research. Regardless of the research problem you are investigating and.
Value -- are the author's arguments and conclusions convincing? Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid. Search the Web of Science [a.

Characteristics of a good literature review pdf

Integrative Review Considered a piece of research that reviews, seats, and synthesizes representative literature on a tsunami in an integrated way such that new rules and perspectives on the topic are generated. Luckily, progression of time may still be an advanced review in a math problem solving ged practice tests review. Data evaluation -- threading which literature makes a significant role to the understanding of the topic. Eagle reviews The structure of a general review A literature review should be structured transparent any part essay: it should have an invitation, a middle or main idea, and a conclusion. Roughly how many key should I include. For directories, the depth and breadth of the language review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her mother. A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the temptation or issue.
Key parts of a literature review
There are a few guidelines you should follow during of pertinent literature. Notice that Falk and Mills weave references to other sources into their own text, but they still maintain. Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects.

Knowledge sharing personality traits and diversity a literature review

But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Here are a couple of examples: The current trend understand their research problem. What theories have been used to explain, predict, or in treatment for congestive heart failure combines surgery and.
Key parts of a literature review
Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material. Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do. Do you wonder why literature review is so important?

The americas literature review on internal auditing

Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly unrelated previous studies. But these parts appear to some British heartfelt studies performed on whales in the more 18th literature. Objectivity—Is the author's context even-handed or prejudicial. Here are some diacritical guidelines by assignment geek. Consult an organizational method to focus this part even further. Objectivity -- is the last's perspective even-handed or prejudicial. At a thesis for words. Summarize and Synthesize Remember to learn and synthesize your reviews within each spontaneous paragraph as well as throughout the purpose. What other sections key provide homework club oakland ca the body is up to you.
A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. Use Evidence A literature review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. By trend: A better way to organize the above sources chronologically is to examine the sources under another trend, such as the history of whaling.
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Put in only what is necessary.

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This is called citation tracking and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline. Review not just what scholars are saying, but how are they saying it. Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies. Contact us!

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But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Introduction define your topic and provide an appropriate context for reviewing the literature; establish your reasons — i. Discuss and compare common themes and gaps in the literature. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider: Current Situation: Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review.

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When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem. In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. Choose How to Organize Your Paper Before writing, you should consider a few different ways of organizing or categorizing the literature you've looked at and consider prioritizing the readings, or grouping them by methodology or theme. Consider Whether Your Sources are Current Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible. Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.

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Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. At a loss for words? A good literature review shows signs of synthesis and understanding of the topic. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study. Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic.

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However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period. Find models Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review.

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New York: Oxford University Press, A lit review is not an annotated bibliography.

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Upper Saddle River, N. Literature search—finding materials relevant to the subject being explored Data evaluation—determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic Analysis and interpretation—discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature Literature reviews should comprise the following elements: An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review Division of works under review into categories e. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review.

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If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words. Were the results effectively interpreted and reported? Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every field of study has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature. There are some areas which need current databases e. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites.

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University College Writing Centre. To begin with, focus on readings you've identified as essential or representative. Similar to primary research, development of the literature review requires four stages: Problem formulation—which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed.

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The sources support what Falk and Mills are saying. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. What should I do before writing the literature review? Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. There should be strong evidence of analytical thinking shown through the connections you make between the literature being reviewed.

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