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We lynch that nearly all of them cope assistance every now and then.As a result of this eligibility coding, 51 articles were included in the meta-analysis. The study also needed to provide sufficient statistics to compute an effect size. Research from an assortment of studies indicates that teamwork—the focus of the current paper—is positively related to important team effectiveness variables, including team performance, group cohesion, collective efficacy, and member satisfaction [ 1 ]. Figures Abstract The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of teamwork interventions that were carried out with the purpose of improving teamwork and team performance, using controlled experimental designs. Has an elected political party successfully completed the tasks for which they campaigned? First, sensitivity analyses were carried out by removing a single intervention from the meta-analysis and noting the resulting effect size—this estimates the impact that each individual intervention has on the overall effect size of teamwork or team performance.
These team reviews involve some form of team briefs before e. High Q and I2 statistics can be problematic for interpreting the results of a meta-analysis and can also indicate that the meta-analysis includes outlier studies. Research from an assortment of studies indicates that teamwork—the focus of the current paper—is positively related to important team effectiveness variables, including team performance, group cohesion, collective efficacy, and member satisfaction [ 1 ]. This type of model assumes that there is heterogeneity in the effect sizes across the included studies and is the appropriate model to use in social science research, as opposed to a fixed-effects model which assumes that effect sizes do not vary from study to study [ 34 , 35 ].
Third, in terms of teamwork behaviors that occur after completing the team task i.
If these statistics were not fully provided, they were supplemented with F-statistics, t scores, correlations, and p-values to compute the effect size. These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. Positive and significant medium-sized effects were found for teamwork interventions on both teamwork and team performance. However, many of the facets of human agent teamwork models, such as communication protocols for forming mutual intelligibility, performing team monitoring to assess progress, forming joint goals, addressing task interdependencies in hybrid teamwork are still unexplored. It should also be noted that all but one [ 23 ] of these previous reviews pooled together studies that included a control condition i.
For example, is that road construction crew fixing potholes adequately? It should also be noted that all but one [ 23 ] of these previous reviews pooled together studies that included a control condition i.
For example, do team goal setting activities actually result in members creating and pursuing effective team goals? Once coded, data were entered into the software Comprehensive Meta-Analysis, Version 2 [ 33 ] and analyzed as a random-effects model DerSimonian and Laird approach. Research from an assortment of studies indicates that teamwork—the focus of the current paper—is positively related to important team effectiveness variables, including team performance, group cohesion, collective efficacy, and member satisfaction [ 1 ].
Although there is much overlap across these models, there are also some notable differences. The exception to this was when articles reported the effects of more than one intervention i.
To reduce heterogeneity and improve the interpretability of the results, we pooled studies into those that measured teamwork as its criterion variable and those that measured team performance. Moderator analyses were also conducted, which generally revealed positive and significant effects with respect to several sample, intervention, and measurement characteristics. In preparation for this systematic review, we conducted a scoping review which revealed that eight previous meta-analyses have assessed teamwork intervention studies in some way. The searches were conducted in September and no time limits were placed on the search strategy.
Implications for effective teamwork interventions as well as considerations for future research are discussed. As this review was only concerned with teamwork interventions, studies that focused on training taskwork—whether independent of, or in addition to, a teamwork intervention—were excluded. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Hence, team members determine whether their actions have moved them closer towards accomplishing the team goals and objectives, and whether any modifications are required in order to facilitate future success.
These intervention strategies generally fall under one of four categories. With regard to regulating team performance i. As this review was only concerned with teamwork interventions, studies that focused on training taskwork—whether independent of, or in addition to, a teamwork intervention—were excluded. Results Literature Search The literature search from the five databases returned 22, articles, while the hand searches of the 13 journals returned articles, vetting of studies from previous team training reviews returned articles, and the ancestry search of reference lists returned articles see Fig 1. Bringing a group of highly-skilled individuals together is not sufficient for teams to be effective. The moderators examined were based on a scoping review the purpose of which included identifying pertinent characteristics that were commonly reported in previous teamwork intervention research , which was conducted in preparation for this systematic review.
In instances where a study provided data to calculate multiple effect sizes such as when several measures of the criterion variable—teamwork or team performance—were examined , these effects were combined into one overall effect size statistic i. Specifically, while taskwork involves the execution of core technical competencies within a given domain, teamwork refers to the range of interactive and interdependent behavioral processes among team members that convert team inputs e. Has a didactic lecture contributed to improved conflict management among team members? Eligibility Criteria To be included in the meta-analysis, a study needed to examine the effects of teamwork training by comparing teams in an experimental condition i.