Bianchini, F. Stewart, J.
On the other hand, large events typically although not in the Sheffield case considered here carry national governmental prestige and fman- cial support with them, and this takes various forms and serves a variety of functions in different nation states Getz The methodological limita- tions of much early event research is well-known Burns and Mules ; Roche ; Schaffer and Davidson ; Travis and CroizC , as are its limitations of scope. McArthur, C. London: Bellhaven.
Fenton and Mueller, eds. Bianchini, F. Hall, C. Ces facteurs permettent de comprendre la causalite des kenements ainsi que le caracttre rationnel de la formation des politiques pour les 6vCnements.
This coalition is mostly constituted by elite groups. This paper is concerned with the social produc- tion, and the social conditions of production, of such events. The shifting nature of this multicultural area is contextualised in light of several catalytic events industrialisation, de-industrialisation and finally the Olympic Games.
Roberts, J. The main legacy of hosting the event is the acre, mixed use Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park located in Stratford in the heart of London s former industrial East End. Then again, planning may be con- ceived of as a mainly democratic decision-making process, requiring consultation with the community in order to optimize its input of infor- mation, views, resource, and legitimacy Arnstein Decisions to go ahead were most often made before any data collection, analysis, evaluation, or constraint determination. Judd, D.
The interest in recent work in community-based tourism and event planning mainly responds to the notion that the product or service 4 M EGA-EVENTS zyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcbaZYXWVUTS consumed by tourists is, to a significant extent, the community as a whole its heritage and customs, its hospitality and goodwill, its milieu and ambience. Contemporary mega-event re- search has developed an elaborate understanding of events as causal factors explaining their effects.
Unlike the comparative research cited above, these recent studies begin to describe an explanatory rela- tionship between societal context socioeconomic change, etc. Urban tourism policies, including heritage, new attraction, and mega-event policies, are being produced by cities in the throes of transformation and in various sorts of crisis. The Cornell Quarterly 24 2 : Harvey, D.
Decisions affecting the hosting and the nature of hallmark events grow out of a political process. Gottdiener and C. This research indicates the important influence of contextual societal change, urban leadership, and nonrational planning in event production processes. Sheffield: Sheffield Citv Council.
Judd and M. Fenton, and W. Re-evaluation 4. In Lead- ership and Urban Regeneration, D. In Popular Culture and Social Relations. At the heart of this examination is the intention to show that despite the narratives pedalled by policy makers, planners and politicians, areas of East London were inhabited by groups who for several centuries symbiotically produced and reproduced their own diverse identities and ultimately that of East London.