Not ready to purchase a subscription? To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free it only takes a minute and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Already a member? Log in to download. The Philippines is an archipelagic nation in Southeast Asia consisting of 7, islands. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean, south of Taiwan, east of Vietnam and northeast of Malaysia. See the fact file below for more information on the Philippines or alternatively, you can download our page Philippines worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Its 7, islands are divided into three main geographical areas: Luzon is the large island in the north on which Manila, the capital city, is located. The Visayas are a small group of islands in the middle. Mindanao is the large island in the south.
Given its geography, the Philippines is the fifth-largest coastline in the world at 22, miles. It is also the home of some of the most beautiful white sand beaches and marine diversity.
It is located on the western edge of the Pacific Ring of Fire, making it a place of hundreds of volcanoes. Pinatubo, Mt. Mayon and Mt. Taal are three of the most active.
Today, Filipino culture is characterized as a mixture of both East and West, with Western influence coming from Spain and the United States and eastern influence from its earliest trading partners like the Chinese, Javanese, Arab and Indian. There are spoken dialects or regional languages in the Philippines, but all are bound to Filipino Tagalog , and English as the official language.
With its Malay and Austronesian heritage, Filipinos in general value camaraderie, hospitality, kinship and close family ties. There are also several groups of indigenous people in the country who were not influenced during Spanish colonization.
These groups are protected by law and are free to practice their own culture and traditions. Much of Filipino cuisine is a fusion of all the cultures brought by long centuries of colonization. Pre-colonial History According to archeological evidence, the history of the Philippines dates back around 50, years.
Fossils of homo sapiens in Palawan proved that the islands were inhabited for a long time. As early as 5, B. During the 14th century, settlers of the islands did intensive trading with Indians, Japanese, Indonesians and Chinese, using a barter system.
For many decades IRRI focused on improving traditional varieties of rice, grown in fields that are flooded at planting time. Lately it has shifted its attention to climate change. It now offers drought-tolerant varieties, including one that can be planted in dry fields and subsist on rainfall, as corn and wheat do.
One is Golden Rice, which contains genes from corn that allow it to produce beta-carotene; its purpose is to combat the global scourge of vitamin A deficiency. Breeding Better Crops Genetic modification gets the public attention—and the controversy—but plant breeders today have numerous tools for creating crops with new traits. The goal: continually increasing yields in an increasingly challenging climate.
Traditional Breeding Desired traits are identified in separate individuals of the same species, which are then bred to combine those traits in a new hybrid variety. Interspecies Crosses Breeders can also cross different yet similar species.
Modern wheat comes from such hybridizations, some of which happened naturally. Genetic Modification Genes identified in one species can be transferred directly to an unrelated species, giving it an entirely new trait—resistance to a pest, say, or to a weed killer. If a mutation happens to produce a desirable trait, the plant is selected for further breeding.
Art: Oliver Munday. For decades IRRI breeders patiently followed the ancient recipe: Select plants with the desired trait, cross-pollinate, wait for the offspring to reach maturity, select the best performers, repeat. In an international consortium of researchers mapped the entire rice genome, which comprises some 40, individual genes. Since then, researchers around the world have been pinpointing genes that control valuable traits and can be selected directly.
In , for example, plant pathologist Pamela Ronald of the University of California, Davis, isolated a gene called Sub1 from an East Indian rice variety. Seldom grown now because of its low yields, the East Indian rice has one remarkable characteristic: It can survive for two weeks underwater.
Most varieties die after three days. Then they screened the DNA to determine which seedlings had actually inherited the Sub1 gene. The technology, called marker-assisted breeding, is more accurate and saves time. The new flood-tolerant rice, called Swarna-Sub1, has been planted by nearly four million farmers in Asia, where every year floods destroy about 50 million acres of rice. One recent study found that farmers in villages in the Indian state of Odisha, on the Bay of Bengal, increased their yields by more than 25 percent.
The most marginal farmers reaped the most benefit. Rice, wheat, and many other plants use a type of photosynthesis known as C3, for the three-carbon compound they produce when sunlight is absorbed. Corn, sugarcane, and some other plants use C4 photosynthesis. His plan is to convert rice into a C4 crop by manipulating its own genes. C4 photosynthesis, unlike the submergence tolerance of Sub1 rice, is controlled by many genes, not just one, which makes it a challenging trait to introduce.
Quick and his colleagues hope to learn how to switch them on in rice. It would be an unprecedented boon to food security; in theory yields could jump by 50 percent. Prospects like that have made Zeigler a passionate advocate of biotechnology. White-bearded and avuncular, a self-described old lefty, Zeigler believes the public debate over genetically modified crops has become horribly muddled.
Louis, plants get the phenotyping treatment, while scientists explain how the technology could benefit crops in a shifting climate. Which vision of agriculture is right for the farmers of sub-Saharan Africa?
Louis, Missouri, the brown streak virus has the potential to cause another cassava famine. Taylor is collaborating with Ugandan researchers on a field trial, and another is under way in Kenya.
Even in the United States some farmers are having problems with them. A paper published last March, for instance, documented an unsettling trend: Corn rootworms are evolving resistance to the bacterial toxins in Bt corn. In Tanzania there are no GM crops yet. But some farmers are learning that a simple, low-tech solution—planting a diversity of crops—is one of the best ways to deter pests. Tanzania now has the fourth largest number of certified organic farmers in the world.
Part of the credit belongs to a young woman named Janet Maro. Maro grew up on a farm near Kilimanjaro, the fifth of eight children. Since then she and her small staff have been training local farmers in organic practices. Fluorescence images show where photosynthesis is occurring. Bad weather however, delayed the planned action. The Filipino troops arrived and they positioned themselves to the right of MacArthur s flank, ready to rush into the fray.
Despite requests from Anderson to hold back his troops, Aguinaldo stayed firm in his decision to participate. The Filipino troops then moved closer to the walls of the city. Greene noticed it. Terms of Capitulation y Gen. Greene, upon seeing the flag, rushed into the open Bagumbayan field.
He was on his way to confer with Gen. The American, on the other hand, agreed to safeguard the city, its inhabitants, its churches, and religious worship. The Protocol of Peace y August 10, Secretary of State submitted to the representative of Spain, a draft of the protocol which provided for the appointment of not more than 5 commissioners on each side to discuss the treaty.
The draft also provided for the cessation of the Spanish-American hostilities. McKinley issued a proclamation directing that all military operations against the enemy be suspended y The proclamation was cabled to Merrit on the same day.
But because Dewey cut the cable between Manila and the outside world after the battle of Manila Bay, Merrit did not receive it until the afternoon of August 16 when the Mock Battle of Manila had already been fought and the terms were signed. Related Interests.Greene, upon seeing the flag, rushed into the open Bagumbayan field. The districts outside the city were called arrabaleo or suburbs. And the farms are more productive too. Juma is typical of the farmers Mark meets—most have never heard of the viral diseases. They also began to introduce formal education and sanitation across the islands after bloody battles.
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Outside his office a flock is descending on the green paddies; the mountains beyond glow with evening light. Americans employed military and civilian governments. The goal: continually increasing yields in an increasingly challenging climate. The signature technology of this approach—and the one that has brought both success and controversy to Monsanto—is genetically modified, or GM, crops.
All Filipinos gather with their family during Noche Buena on Christmas eve. In , Ferdinand Marcos was elected as president and he extended his term and ruled the country under martial law until he was ousted during the People Power. Douglas MacArthur retook the Philippines in
Terms of Capitulation y Gen.
Breeding Better Crops Genetic modification gets the public attention—and the controversy—but plant breeders today have numerous tools for creating crops with new traits. The suburbs teemed with Filipino soldiers.
Part of the credit belongs to a young woman named Janet Maro. In Africa small family farms grow more than 90 percent of all crops, and cassava is a staple for more than million people.
During the 14th century, settlers of the islands did intensive trading with Indians, Japanese, Indonesians and Chinese, using a barter system. Juma is typical of the farmers Mark meets—most have never heard of the viral diseases. His eighth cross—between a dwarf strain from Taiwan and a taller variety from Indonesia—created the fast-growing, high-yielding strain later known as India Rice 8 for its role in preventing famine in that country. April 26, Aguinaldo and his companions sailed for Hong Kong. That same year, the islands ceded to the United States as part of the settlement of the Spanish-American War. The blue stripe symbolizes peace, truth and justice the upward position when the country is at peace , while the red stripe represents patriotism and valor the upward position when the country is at war.
Outside his office a flock is descending on the green paddies; the mountains beyond glow with evening light. Through selective breeding, Norman Borlaug, an American biologist, created a dwarf variety of wheat that put most of its energy into edible kernels rather than long, inedible stems. The draft also provided for the cessation of the Spanish-American hostilities.
Kibwana and Paulini say their own success has attracted the attention of their neighbors. Aguinaldo asked the members of the Junta to advise him on what to do. She stops at a one-room brick house with partially plastered walls and a corrugated metal roof. Only four African countries allow the planting of genetically modified crops. Early Filipinos had their own system of government. Wesley Merrit decided that the offensive against Manila would be conducted along the bay side.
With Augustin s refusal, Aguinaldo continued the siege. Among the Luguru, landownership in a family passes down the female line. Given its geography, the Philippines is the fifth-largest coastline in the world at 22, miles. Aguinaldo and the Hong Kong Junta y Members met on May 4 to discuss the steps to be taken in the face of the new developments. Early Filipinos had their own system of government. Click the Edit button above to get started.