It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process. A review of the literature in a discipline is not the same as an annotated bibliography of sources, though an annotated bibliography can be a type of literature review. Interpret the major issues surrounding your topic.
Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies—for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically. You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research. Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? Selecting and quoting only the most relevant material for your subject and argument. Your ideas should be at the center of your writing, but your work has to be embedded in what has come before to demonstrate its relevance and importance to the subject.
For more information, please see our handout on plagiarism.
Worth: Do the author's conclusions add to the value of your own? This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text. You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach. And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal opinion on whether or not you liked these sources.
Summarize and synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review. Connect the works to what has come before your work and ideas.
But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. The purpose of a lit review is not only to tell your reader the state of scholarship about a given topic, but also to organize and evaluate the major points, parts, or arguments of each source.
Comprehensive knowledge of the literature of the field is essential to most research papers. Qualitative Inquiry, 21 3 , Dissertation literature review If the literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, show how your research addresses gaps and contributes new knowledge, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework for your research. What should I do before writing the literature review?