Mindmap your thoughts. Outline your paper. Write the first draft without concern for grammar, spelling and punctuation. This can be hard for the perfectionist student by the way! Rewrite assignment with corrections. Curriculum Suggestions Elementary When my dyslexic kids were young and still learning to read, I used large amounts of copywork where they would copy a passage from a good book or a verse or what ever else appealed to them to write.
This helps with eye hand coordination and handwriting in general. Gradually we transitioned into dictation where I would read the passage and they would write to the best of their ability. We also practiced narration, thought to be the precursor to good grammar usage, during history and science instruction.
Narration is where the student tells back what was just read or learned. To learn more about the use of copy work, dictation and narration, read A Charlotte Mason Companion by Karen Andreola. When our kids were reading on a third grade level and able to write sentences on their own without tears of frustration, we transitioned into a formal writing program. Lots of hands-on activities really help the kids remember what they are learning. The format of each lesson is systematic and cumulative: exactly the same for each topic covered.
Students learn brainstorming, writing, editing and revising with engaging lessons. Requires a fair amount of panning and organizing by the parent and is somewhat teacher intensive. Students learn 5-steps to master non-fiction writing.
Lesson are taught in a multimedia format. Students can read the lesson or listen and watch the course instruction via video. Our kids loved this aspect! Assignments are broken into very manageable, small chunks and turned in emailed to the teacher who grades the assignment and returns it to the student for corrections or with instructions to move to the next lesson.
We live in an age of amazing technical advances that allows dyslexics to get the help they need when and where ever they are. Super easy to use and mostly effective. Dragon Go! Can be used with some popular social networking sites. The audio recording is time-locked to your typing and drawing. You may want to use a keyboard or stylus for this app to be more functional. More complicated to use than Soundnote.
It also provides definitions to help you understand the meaning of the word. Great for visual thinkers. ModMath : Designed for individuals with dyslexia and dysgraphia for whom the mechanics of writing math problems causes a barrier.
ModMath takes care of the construction of, for example, the long division problem. Make him think that all is hopeless, the way Harry Potter felt at the beginning of the first book in the series.
Then give the character a triumph. It's the most classical way to get emotionally involved with a story.
By the way, fan fiction is a great way to get started as a writer. If the child loves Harry Potter or Pokemon, let him write stories about that.
Writing is extremely hard for the dysgraphic child. It's hard physically fine motor skills and eye-hand coordination are most likely dysfunctional as well ; it's hard organizationally what to write first, second, third, etc.
Have some patience and understanding with this process. Most of these kids can tell a story just fine if you ask them to speak it aloud. It's the writing part that "hurts" quite literally. The best place to start is to make sure he cares enough about what he's writing to make it worth the pain.
Motivation is the key. Try the Legends of Druidawn system. If that's not of interest to you, find other ways to reward and motivate the child. You're about to ask her to do the hardest thing she's ever tried to do - make it rewarding! Forget grammar and spelling in the first draft, and for a younger child, forget it altogether, unless you go over the editing with her.
You can make the corrections while she watches and learns. Grammar and spelling should be learned as separate skills when trying to help children with dysgraphia. Focus first on the joy of creating stories or poetry that are emotionally engaging. Content first, then mechanics much later. Once the child is over the anxiety of the writing process, she'll be much more interested in fixing her story mechanically so that it's something she can be proud of. Keep in mind that many of the world's best writers are terrible with mechanics.
That's what professional editors are for. Try getting the child an alphasmart or laptop computer. Teach him how to keyboard. It will take half the pressure of writing off for him to be a fast typist.
Likewise, if the child learns computer programming, he will overcome his sequencing difficulties faster than you would believe. You have to sequence a whole lot in order to program a computer, and it's motivating to keep at it if the child is interested in computers.
Use lots of colors and illustrations - have child search the internet for pictures that she can use as models for her main characters, settings, important objects, etc. Or she can illustrate her own work. Tape or paste the pictures onto the back of the written pages, or staple them, or keep them close by in a folder. Anytime you bring writing into pictures, you'll have the dyslexic's attention and engage her emotionally. Have the child search for appropriate music to accompany his characters and the scenes that he's writing.
If he's writing about his bad guy, have him listen to some powerful bad guy songs or themes i. Movie soundtracks are the best place to look for mood-setting themes. Realize that if a child is tired and shut down, it's time to stop. Time to look for pictures, listen to music, take a walk outside and think about her setting, etc.
It's not good to push writing when her mind is exhausted and shut down. No writer can function under these circumstances. Try partnering children up on writing projects so they can have fun with it together and feed each others' enthusiasm.
They can take turns with the writing chore while they share ideas. Break large writing tasks down to smaller, easier-to-handle concepts. If a story needs to be written, start by outlining the plot in ten major plot points see Writing Curriculum for details , or start by just creating a character for the story see character sheet.
Give the child small writing tasks that will eventually build up to the goal of creating a whole story. Remember that organizational skills are severely impaired. Things that might be obvious to you, might not be so clear to him. Even the concept that all stories have a beginning, a middle, and an end might not be fully understood by the child, regardless of his age.
In conclusion, remember that these children aren't impaired, they're special. They are here in this world to accomplish great things. They have some skills that you might never achieve unless you're dyslexic yourself. But they also need your help and your infinite patience so they can function in a world that requires a great deal of two-dimensional thinking.
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Likewise, if the child learns computer programming, he will overcome his sequencing difficulties faster than you would believe. ModMath : Designed for individuals with dyslexia and dysgraphia for whom the mechanics of writing math problems causes a barrier. Classes now available are:. According to Ronald D. This method can be used effectively paired with individual concrete words animal, place or thing.
Produced by Don Johnston and features the grammar-smart word prediction that his company is famous for. If you turn it on its side, is it still a book? Their brains simply learn in a different way. The gift of dyslexia is being able to see the whole picture at once. They need context so they can come up with a visual image to understand and remember these type of words.
If that's not of interest to you, find other ways to reward and motivate the child. You're about to ask her to do the hardest thing she's ever tried to do - make it rewarding! The best way to pull the heartstrings is to put the main character through many hardships. You can make the corrections while she watches and learns. Get Educated If you are looking to get educated about dyslexia and how to educate, encourage and empower your kids with dyslexia, you have come to the right place.
Give the child small writing tasks that will eventually build up to the goal of creating a whole story.